Bayburt History and Tourist Destinations

Seyahat Rehberi


Bayburt is located on the historical Silk Road of Erzurum-Trabzon connecting Eastern Anatolia to the Black Sea. Marco Polo and Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi have passed this path. History of the city on the banks of the Coruh River It can go up to 3000.

DISTRICTS

Demirözü, Aydintepe

HISTORY

The history of Bayburt city dates back to 3000 BC. The city was founded by Azzilers. Between 770 and 665 BC, Kimmer and the Scythians came to the rush. Bayburt, ruled by the Scythians (Saka Turks), is a 2500-year-old Turkish city. Later, the region was dominated by Haldi, Med and Pers.

Bayburt, which was connected to Erzurum till 1927, was connected to Gümüşhane on this date. Since 21.06.1989, the provincial status has been reached with the law numbered 3578.

CAMILLERS AND DISTRIBUTORS

Pulur (Ferahsad Bey) Mosque and Madrasah: It is located in the center of Gökçedere town within the borders of Demirözü district. It is known that Ferahşad Bey, built in the 16th century, consists of a mosque, madrasa, inn, hamam, imaret and guest house. There were no signs from the inn, the imaret and the guest house.

Ulu Mosque: It is easily understood that it was built in the center of the city during the period when the Grand Mosque was built. It is entered from the outside of the glass as if there are many mosques with Seljuk artifacts.

Kutluğ Bey Mosque: It is connected to the central district, on the Bayburt-Köse road and approximately 30 km to the city center. Çayıryolu village in the distance. It was built by Fahreddin Kutluğ Bey in the second half of the 14th century.

Y. Hınzevrek Mosque: It is located in Çatalçeşme village, just to the north of the center of Demirözü district. Although the date of construction is unknown, it is estimated that it was built during the Akkoyunlular period.

Yakutiye (New) Mosque: This mosque is located on Bayburt Cumhuriyet Caddesi, on the area where the old Yakutiye Medresesi is located. It was held between 1913 and 1915 with the help of the General Directorate of Foundations and Bayburt people.

Zahid Efendi Mosque: The mosque in the city center was built by Zahid Efendi during the Ottoman period (1514-1515).

Taşhan (Bedesten): It is located in the city near the Grand Mosque of Taşhan (Bedesten) whose construction date is unknown. After the fire that Tashan had passed, the books disappeared.

TOMB AND CUMBETS

Dede Korkut Tomb: South of Bayburt 39 Km. It is just outside the village of Masat in the distance.

Şehit Osman Türbeleri: It is known that this kind of property belongs to the brother of Osman Gazi and his sister Mengücük Gazi from the commanders of Saltukoğulları.

Ahmed-i Zencani Kümbeti: It is thought that Ahmad-i Zencani is a tomb of Ahmad-i Zencani, who works beside Cumhuriyet Primary School in the city center, but the information about this subject is not clear.

Abdulvahab Gazi Mausoleum: It is located just below the village of Erenli, which is connected to the central district and is located at about 35th km of Bayburt-Gümüşhane road.

Bey Böyrek (Bamsı Beyrek) Tomb: 2 km from Bayburt. West of Erenli village to the east, the building on a hill belongs to Bey Böyrek, one of the most important people in Dede Korkut Stories.

Kutluğ Bey (Sünür) Tomb: It is connected to the central district, on the Bayburt-Köse road and approximately 30 km. The mausoleum in the village of Çayıryolu located at a distance of 30 m. To the east, in the graveyard.

Yanbaksı (Güneşli) Kümbeti: This building, which is called “Yanbaksı Kümbeti” among the people, is located between the provincial center and Demirözü district.

HAMAMLAR

Bent Bath: The bath located on the southeastern edge of Bayburt Castle along the Coruh River was built by Akkoyunlu Hacı Ferahsad Bey in the 16th century.

Paşaoğulları (Kondolotlar) Bath: Information about the date of construction of the bath in Bayburt city center which has been repaired several times is not certain.

Meydan (Market) Bath: Bayburt is located in the city center. Kadi Mahmud is known as the Çelebi Foundation.

CASTLES

Bayburt Castle:

The construction date of the “Bayburt Kalesinin”, which stands in front of Bayburt and continues its first day’s glory, is not known precisely, as it is a mother who sheds light from the deep corridors of history through a bridge that sheds light on the north side of the city. However, it is told that various sources were built in M.S.58, and later, they were repaired in different periods.

Saruhan Castle: It is 35 km to Bayburt center. It is estimated that it was made for surveillance of the castle in Saruhan village in the distance.

Çeviri
Anında çeviriyi kapat
5000/5000
3072 karakter fazla:
sra’yı Bartın’a bağlayan ve 4. km’de de Kuşkayası Anıtı’nın önünden geçen Roma yol ağının bir parçasıdır. Köprü Ayağındaki çok silik bir kabartma kompozisyonunda; mızrakla savaşan yedi asker, Roma-Pontus Savaşlarını anlatılır. Bartın’ın, dik ve ormanlık yamaçlarla denize ulaşan 59 Km.lik kıyı kesimi, olağanüstü güzellikteki koyları ve renklerle bütünleşen bitki örtüsüyle ilginçtir. Çoğu bakir olan bu koylar, temiz kumları, az dalgalı suları ve doğayla bütünleşen güzellikleriyle beğenilmektedir. İNKUMU PLAJI: Doğal güzelliği ve plajı ile beğenilen İnkumu; turistlerin her türlü gereksinimlerini karşılayabilecek donatılara sahiptir. GÜZELCEHİRAR, MUGADO, HATIPLER VE KIZILKUM PLAJLARI: Bartın merkez ilçe sınırları içinde bulunan Güzelcehisar, Mugada ve Kızılkum koyları; ormanla kaplı çevre güzelliği, temiz kumu ve sularıyla günübirlikçilerin beğendiği tatil beldeleridir. AMASRA PLAJI: Ülkemizde turizmin başladığı yer olarak bilinen “Çeşm-i Cihan Amasra”; 3000 yıllık tarihsel değerleri yanında eşsiz doğal güzelliğiyle de Bartın’ın en eski turizm beldesidir. ÇAKRAZ PLAJI: Amasra – Kurucaşile karayolunun 18. Km’sindeki Çakraz; doğal güzellikleri, temiz kumları ve sakin suları ile beğenilmektedir. Turistlerin her türlü gereksinimlerini karşılayabilecek donatılara sahiptir. BOZKÖY, AKKONAK, DELİKLİŞİLE VE GÖÇKÜN PLAJLARI: Amasra ilçesi sınırları içindeki Bozköy, Akkonak, Deliklişile ve Göçkün koyları; günübirlikçiler için, deniz ve doğa ile içiçe tatil yapılabilecek uygun donatılar ve kamp olanakları sunmaktadır. KURUCAŞİLE, TEKKEÖNÜ, KAPISUYU, KARAMAN VE ÇAMBU PLAJLARI: Bartın’ın kuzeydoğu ucunda yer alan Kurucaşile, Tekkeönü, Karaman ve Kapısuyu plajları; Karadeniz’in vahşi güzelliğini sergileyen doğası, temiz kumu ve sularıyla beğenilen tatil beldelerimizdir. Tarihi Kromna kentinin merkezi olan Tekkeönü ile balıkçı köyümüz Kapısuyu; turizme yönelik Ahşap Yat ve Tekne yapımcılığı ile de ilgi çekmektedir. Bartın’ın dik ve ormanlık yamaçlarını deniz ile buluşturan 59 km’lik sahil şeridi ve plajları yerli ve yabancı turistlerin ilgisini çekmektedir. Özellikle İnkumu Plajı deniz mevsiminin kısa olmasına rağmen (Haziran-Ekim arası) yoğun ilgi görmektedir. Bunun yanında Amasra, Çakraz, Kızılkum, Mogada, Güzelcehisar ve Bozköy bölgenin önemli diğer plajlarıdır. GÜRCÜOLUK MAĞARASI: Gelişimini tamamlamış, ancak iç şekillenmesi devam eden Gürcüoluk Mağarası; görünümleri son derece güzel ve ilginç sarkıt, dikit, sütun, makarna sarkıtları, duvar ve perde damlataşları ile bezeli rengarenk bir dünyadır. Gürcüoluk Mağarası, Üçgen biçimli ve 3-4 M genişliğindeki ana girişten sonra yaklaşık 4-5 M yüksekliğinde ve 6×7 m boyutlarındaki ilk oda çevresinde toplanan 15 odadan oluşur. Gerek ulaşım kolaylığı ve doğal çevrenin güzelliği; gerekse renkleri gri, krem ve bej arasında değişen rengarenk damlataşlar ve fiziki özellikler; Mağarayı çekici kılmaktadır. Bartın’a 32 Km uzaklıkta ve Amasra ilçesi, Makaracı köyündedir. Mağaraya, Amasra-Çakraz karayolu güzergahında bulunan İnpiri veya Karakaçak köyü üzerinden ulaşmak mümkündür.
OTHER BUILDINGS

Abdomen of Kop Martyrs: It is located on the 40th km of the Bayburt-Erzurum road, just on the edge of the highway. The Kop Martyrs Abidei was made at the summit of Kop Mountain in 1963 in memory of soldiers who resisted the enemy in the Kop Pass and the Coruh Basin in 1916 and martyred in this resistance.

Kombu Bridge: Located at the 25th km of Bayburt-Gümüşhane road and at the Akşar bays of the central district, the building is a two-pointed and pointed arch.

Clock Tower: The Clock Tower is located in the Bayburt city center near the governorship and opened in the 1924 Republic Day.

Aydıntepe Underground City

Located in the north-west of Bayburt’s mountainous district, AydinTepe, the city consists of galleries, vaulted rooms and wider spaces opened by the main rocks, without using any other building materials within 2-2.5 m from the surface. Approximately 2 to 2.5 m in height covered with vaulted galleries spread somewhere on both sides. Planned rooms close to the square open this space, and the conical holes used for the ventilation purposes of the observation rooms are also used to illuminate the gallery rooms.

WINTER TOURISM

Kop Mountain has been declared a tourism center. The area where the ski house is located in the Kop Mountain Ski and Winter Sports Center plan and some of the areas where the day-to-day facilities are located may be allocated to the investors when necessary.

YAYLA TOURISM

Bayburt is very rich in terms of the provincial highlands. Kop Mountain Tourism Center-Kop Mountain Plateau, Sultan Murat Plateau, Aydintepe, Akbulut, Cumavank, Otlukbeli, Yazyurdu, Yoncalı, Tohnovi, Çavdar, Somarova, Karakaya, Menge, Seydiyakup, Kavlatan, Akkoyun, Solkarı, Gümüşdamla, Yaylapınar, Üzengili, Kuşmer , Gökçedere, Dumlu, Günbuldu, Şur, Irmak, Eser, Çukur, Ardıçgöze, Göloba, Çençül and Salçılar can be considered as important springs of the province.

AKARSU TOURISM

Bayburt is very rich in terms of the provincial highlands. Kop Mountain Tourism Center-Kop Mountain Plateau, Sultan Murat Plateau, Aydintepe, Akbulut, Cumavank, Otlukbeli, Yazyurdu, Yoncalı, Tohnovi, Çavdar, Somarova, Karakaya, Menge, Seydiyakup, Kavlatan, Akkoyun, Solkarı, Gümüşdamla, Yaylapınar, Üzengili, Kuşmer , Gökçedere, Dumlu, Günbuldu, Şur, Irmak, Eser, Çukur, Ardıçgöze, Göloba, Çençül and Salçılar can be considered as important springs of the province.

Sırakayalar Waterfalls: Bayburt-Erzurum highway 6 km. Leaving 16 km. The Sırakayalar Waterfalls, which are reached afterwards, are two at the entrance of the center of Sırakayalar Village and within the village.

CAMP AND CARAVAN TOURISM

Soğanlı, Kop and Çoruh valleys have camping and caravan facilities. Particularly, in the summer months, the guests coming from the coastal parts of the Black Sea rest in their homes by setting tents in Coruh Valley.

MOUNTAINE AND NATURE WALKING
Bayburt İli shows diversity in terms of landforms. Despite the importance of the plains, high and steep mountains and their passages are important in the province topography. Surrounding the province, Kemer, Soğanlı, Haldizen, Kırklar, Köse, Coşan, Kop, Otlukbeli, Divanyolu, Sarıçiçek Mountains are mountains with a height over 2000-3000 m and these areas are also suitable for horse trekking activities besides mountain and nature walks. There is also horse trekking in Coruh Valley.

Some Areas
Martyr Nusret Garden
Çoruh Province Forest Recreation and Recreation Area
Young Osman Park
New City Park
Turkish World Park
Rural Coffee

PLANT EXAMINATION
In particular, the spectral richness of the spring is remarkable. The main flowering plants are rhododendrons such as rhododendrons, barracudas, crabs, blackheads, grasshoppers and leguminous plant species. In addition to this, various fungi, blackberries, hops, ferns, wild strawberries, thyme, peppermint, seasonal daisies and poppies, centaury herbaceous plants, sage and sage plants are frequently encountered. In addition, chicory kelpidikeni, kayakoruğu census, is the head of the riches seen in the spring.

BAYBURT’S TRANSPORTATION

Road Transportation
As well as being a regular road transport to neighboring provinces and districts of Bayburt and Bayburt from surrounding provinces and districts by land, there are daily bus services to major cities as well.
Bus Station Tel: 0 458 211 28 60

Airline Transportation
60 minutes to Erzurum International Airport and 120 minutes to Trabzon International Airport. Distance.

Intra-city Transportation:
Transportation within the city is done by taxi, minibus and municipal buses. It is built with tanks and dolmuses.

WHAT SHOULD IT BE?

In Bayburt, copper processing, kilim and Ehram weaving are important. Especially the motifs of kilim produced are original and belong to Bayburt. In addition, Ehram weaving is also a local specialty. Items such as waistcoats, tablecloths, bedspreads, prayer rugs, curtains and ties are of interest.

RETURN WITHOUT
May 20, May 5 in the village of Kırkpınar Doctor saw the snakes,

In the third week of July, in the name of Dede Korkut, the Wise Person of the Turkish World,

(Aslan mountain) In the Parachute Forest of the Provincial Forest,

(Aslan Mountain) Having traveled to the Provincial Forest and its park,

Local meals of Bayburt, especially Kefenli kebab, Gimleme Köftesi (Bayburt Köftesi) Without tasting the taste of Galacoş,

While playing canoe-rafting on the Coruh River on one hand and seeing the mysterious nature of the valley on the other,

Without seeing the artistic delicacies of Bayburt ‘s masters in the gift copper trades,

Without feeling the beauty of man’s intelligence on stone,

Without listening to the legend of the crying rocks and seeing the canyon, DO NOT TURN.

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