Historical and Tourist Destinations of Yalova Province

Seyahat Rehberi


Although the name of the settlement in the Antique Age is not fully known, it is believed that Pylai (today’s Herzegovina) and Pythia, the name of that term of thermal springs, are combined and use the common name of PYLOPYTHIA. Later sources include the name XENODOCHION. 15th and 16th century. Historians used the name Yalakova for this region.

The area is also called Yalakabad. 16.yy. Some of the historians say that Yalakova is linked to the name of a woman named Yalakonya, who is dominant in Izmit and Yalova and related to Istanbul tekfur. Evliya Çelebi wrote that the air conquered by Kara Yalvaçoglu was called Kara Yalovaç. It is known that this name which is Yalıova has fallen in time (-i) and it is said as Yalova. The attitude of Atatürk is also a confirmation of this claim. Atatürk wrote the date of 16/17/8, 1931, signing the bottom of a workshop on Yalova in relation to Turkish History, and noted: (YALI OVA / YALOVA) NOTHING.

General Date:

There is no definite information about settlement named XENODOCHION in Antiquity. It was not possible to uncover the history of Yalova alone. Anatolian tribes living in this region in the prehistoric age. According to the assumptions obtained from the finds, Yalova is a gateway to the Prehistoric age. In this region, Phrygia in 1200 BC, BC. In the year 700 Bithyns became dominant. After the Byzantines, the town that was under the control of the Seljuks for a while was destroyed during the Crusades. Yalvaçoğlun captured the commander of Osman Bey and took the name Yalakabad. In 1867 Hüdavendigar (Bursa) Province was an accident connected to the Central Sanjak, while in 1901 it was connected to the independent Izmit Sanjak. Upon the request of Atatürk, Yalova joined the Istanbul Provinces in 1930 and became a city center on 6 June 1995. There are 12 villages connected to the central district. Altınova District: Altinova, a sub-district of Karamürsel District of Kocaeli Province, became a municipal organization in 1987 and in June 1995, it was connected to Yalova District as a District Center. There are 16 villages connected to the province. Helenopolis (H) in Altinova is an important settlement center founded by Constantine. Constantine named Helenopolis here on behalf of her mother Helena. Since the center of the Roman Empire moved to Istanbul in the time of Justiniaus, Helenopolis became very important because it was located on the way to Istanbul-Iznik

TOURISM

It is home to many local and foreign tourists who want to get away from the stress and pollution of the city from the high noises of the cities with its history, nature, sea, hot springs, warm-faced people and innumerable features dating back to thousands of years.

Thermal Tourism (Health Tourist):

Thermal Hot Springs:

Especially since it is a youth vaccine, Hayat Eksiri is a region that has been serving health tourism since the Roman and Byzantine periods. Thermal springs and thermal waters have been known for four thousand years. In thermal facilities, hot water, mineral water, baths, spas, cure centers and some medical supplies serve the health-seeking guests. In addition, only the healing water of Turkey is in Termal.

Ataturk was a fan of the thermal springs. It is immediately attempted to be a world famous center. A commission is formed from the elders of Yalova to take over from the person who runs the spa. The price is determined by the commission, the old operator is careful not to be the victim when the price is determined, the person who runs the spa is paid the necessary amount. Seyr-i Sefain General Manager Sadullah Güney is appointed to one of the authorities responsible for the repair and rehabilitation of the thermal. Forest roads are opened shortly. New hot and cold water pipes are installed in the hot springs. New water stores are built. The road between Termal Yalova is arranged and plane trees are planted on both sides of the road. Diseases in which waters and water could be beneficial were investigated.

Thanks to Atatürk, he has become one of the most beautiful HEALTH, HEALTH, NATURE and RESTORING corners of the Thermal World. It is possible to see the memory of ATATÜRK in every corner of this center.

Youth Tourism:

Yalova is a convenient place for youth tourism with its coastal, forest, highland possibilities and convenience. Young people coming from home and abroad are camping in groups. Especially Delmece Plateau and Suduşen Waterfall are the preferred centers.

Third Age Tourist:

The type of tourism preferred by middle age groups in our country is Termalizm. In this respect Yalova is very fortunate. In particular, spa facilities provide continuity of 3 rd year tourism.

Daily and Weekly Tourism:

Yalova is a day-to-day tourist resort with a wealth of opportunities. There are many recreational areas. Day trips are made in recreation areas and areas with natural features. Hasanbaba picnic area is a promenade area and animal protection park.

Çınarcık-Hasan Baba-Esenköy:

The Hasan Baba Picnic and recreation area, which is located between the thermal and Cinarcik districts and on the Çınarcık ridges, is spread over a wide area and contains many natural beauties, covered with oak, chestnut and linden trees and overlooking the sea. In addition, this area has a Deer protection area in the natural environment. Hasan Baba restaurant is located on the promenade, providing drinking water and eating and drinking services. Cinarcik-Esenköy is the most preferred beach band to enter the sea. Located between Çınarcık Esenköy, “Kumluk Beach” is the most regular beach with its beach and infrastructure and it is the beach that entered the sea most intensively. Numerous accommodation, eating and drinking and leisure facilities are available in the district.

Yayla Tourist:
Suduşen Waterfall:

The waterfall and its surroundings, which are 8 km from Üvezpınar village, have unique natural beauty. The road to Selale is a trekking parade which is an excellent nature trekking and it is widely preferred by domestic and foreign tourists in the summer months. The path leading to the waterfall has a unique dam lake, sea and nature view which is used as a photo safari, nature walk and picnic area.

Delicacy Plateau:

Important springs of science; It is Erikli and Delmece Plateaus which are located to the south of Kocadere and Tesvikiye borders. In Delmece Plateau, Yalova’s only natural lake is the crater lake known as “Dipsiz Göl”. These springs are covered with forests of pine, oak, chestnut and linden trees.

Coastal Tourism:

All the districts of Yalova Province have the coast of Marmara Sea. Especially since the beaches between Çınarcık and Armutlu are still virgin, they are suitable for coastal tourism. Sea water temperature is between 19.9 C0 – 22.9 C0 in average in summer (June – September). The average temperature is 20 C0 – 23.2 C0 between the same months. There are camps on the coastline of the city center.

Sports Tourism:

Trekking, Hikking, Biking:

Forest areas in Yalova province are especially important in terms of trekking, hikking and mountain biking opportunities. Yalova Üvezpinardan Gemlik Haydariye, Tokikli Erikli, Delmece, Gemlik Sahin Hill is Kurtköy’s ideal mountain bike and trekking areas. It is also the ideal bicycle track area as far as Kılıçköy, Kabaklı, Denizcalı, İlyasköy, Çukurköy, Dereköy, Laledere, Gacık, Soguksu, Kocadere, Valide bridge İznik Gölünün.

Amateur bicycle tour can be made in the fields; Yenimahalle from Yalova-Samanli road, Akköy road and Akköy road, and returning from Gökçe dam circumference and the same route, forms a 50 km long track. For professional cyclists; Yalova-Samanli village, Akkoy road, Yalova-Termal Arab neighborhood, Ortaburun, Çinarcik return route to Yalova can be used as a track area. From the Ayrica Çiftlikköy district, it can be used as a bicycle track area where Sultaniye and Çiftlikköy can be made through Sultaniye, Gacik, Elmalik, Kazimiye villagers and amateur bicycle competition was made in this area in 1998.

Oily Wrestling:

In Altinova Fevziye Village, rainy season competitions are held every year on 8th of June.

Camping Tent Caravan Tourism:

Yalova is suitable for camping and caravan tourism. Especially in coasts with natural beauty, there is the opportunity to camp by protecting the natural values ​​for young people. Üvezpınar and Kurtköy region. There are camps on the coastline of the city center.

Hunting Tourist:

Yalova is an important position in terms of both land and sea water hunting. Because of its natural structure, the province allows various animal species to survive. Hence, hunting tourism is becoming attractive. Quail and turtle hunt are abundant.

Sea hunting:

The water hunting is carried out on the openings of Çobankaya nose, Bozburun, Çalıdere nose, Humburnu, Deveboynu, Çiftlikköy, Eski Store. Trout can be hunted at Suduşen Çağlayan located to the west of Üvezpınar Village.

Spitting Dumb:

Rocky areas around Armutlu are suitable for water sports and diving with harpoon. This sports facility is located on the open waters of Bozburun and Aybiru. Esenköy, Armutlu coastline and Çınarcık Deveboynu and Senköy coastline. There are plenty of fishes to hunt with harpoon. This area, which is a rocky coastal land that goes up to the sea, is one of the best suited for diving with the harpoon.

Land hunting:

Mecidiyeköy, Armutlu pond, Delmece plateau, Esenköy, Ortaburun, Hacımehmet village, Esadiye, Sugören, Elmalık, Kapaklı, Kılıçköy, Ahmediye.

Faith Tourism:

Cemetery in Akkoy Village:

Gemlik, Orhangazi, and Yalova, who had been sent to the airport by the Greek General, Firenkisin, and the Hilal Ahmer bureaucrat, who had been sent to Istanbul by the Greek soldiers and the Greek Cypriot army they had armed, And Baba-Ali, Mazbatada, dated 7 June 337 and number 242: Akköy Greek soldiers armed by Greek officers and soldiers during April 337, 550 people in Akköy, gathered the wealthy in the village and tied one arm, then İsmail Çavuş’s son, They wounded his brother with his masonry and killed him. Then he started to pillage and plunder. More than 60 people from the village ahalis had been killed with more bayonets, escorts and bullets, killing on the streets and looting and destroying the village. In the martyrdom, there is a fountain, a mosque monument and an inscription. Commemorative Ceremonies are held on July 18

Florist … and visitors

The Flower is the Symbol of Yalova.

Flower production in Turkey started for the first time in Yalova.

Currently, 85% of the Turkish flower construction is in our province.

Ornamental Plants Specialization Organized Industrial Zone studies are continuing.

Flower city Yalova, Flower Show 2003-Yalova Ornamental Plants Fair has come to the agenda.

In 2003, the province of the fair was organized. In the first opening, 64 producers opened the world by opening the stand. The first fair was organized in the field of the Republic. In 2004, it was made wider on arbaratum on Fatih caddesi. The reason for the exhibition being far away is the number of visitors stayed at 20 pts. In 2005, the Republican area was again identified as the exhibition area. By increasing the number of visitors in the city center, the number of visitors increased to 35. The whole organization of the fair organized in 2005 was organized by Yalova Trade and Industry. It is estimated that the number of firms that will participate from abroad next year will increase. This year the flower maker from six countries joined the furos.

2005 Trade Fair and Industry Minister Li Coskun opened the festival again. Coshkun, “Yalova İlinin
He said that he specializes in floriculture in the Marmara region and stated that the bases of the Çiçekçilik Organize Saniyi Zone in Altinova ilçes inde will be disposed within this year.

Since the opening of the Fair, which is being held since three years ago, it has been seen that there is not good promotion outside of Yalova. The producers participating in the fair wanted to advertise better by hanging posters on billboards in major cities before the opening of the fair.

OTHER
Yalova’s natural trails, waterfalls, springs, endless forests, Trekking, Hikking and Biking athletes are inundated with four seasons of youth groups in big cities.

Yalova Üvezpinardan Gemlik Haydariye is an ideal bicycle route as far as Iznik Gölünü. It is an ideal mountain bike and trekking areas from Gemlik Haydariye, Eriksi, Delmece, Gemlik Şahin hill to Yalova Üvezpınardan. Fields.

Amateur bicycle tour
Yenimahalle from Yalova-Samanli road, Akköy road and Akköy road, and returning from Gökçe dam circumference and the same route, forms a 50 km long track. For professional cyclists; Yalova-Samanli village, Akkoy road, Yalova-Termal Arab neighborhood, Ortaburun, Çinarcik return route to Yalova can be used as a track area. From the Ayrica Çiftlikköy district, it can be used as a bicycle track area where Sultaniye and Çiftlikköy can be made through Sultaniye, Gacik, Elmalik, Kazimiye villagers and amateur bicycle competition was made in this area in 1998.

Erikli Plateau (Çınarcık)

Erikli Plateau 6 km from the village of Teşvikiye in Yalova – Çınarcık. It is located 600 meters above sea level. It is a spring in height. The most important feature of this hiking trail, full of chestnut, elm, linden, fir and apple trees, is that there are many waterfalls on the Erikli Creek, which is walking on the edge. Walking 4 km from Erikli Plateau. It starts from below. After a short ditch on the spring, it is moving towards the waterfalls. After the hike, a 30-minute walk from the path near the stream leads to the waterfalls hidden among the trees. When you reach the 10 meter waterfall, you will meet a smaller waterfall.

AND SPECIAL SECTION

ATATÜRK and YALOVA

“YALOVA MY CENTER” Yalova (August 29, 1929)

Yalova (August 29, 1929)

Our first visit to Yalova:

He visited Yalova on August 19, 1929, Monday at 16:00 for the first time. It was compared with the intense interest of the people. The captains visited and gave instructions about the improvement of the place. He went to the Baltacan farm and he was interested in the situation of the immigrants. Atatürk who visited Yalova again on August 20, 1929, went to Bursa via 21 Agustosta Yalova.

On Saturday, August 29th, he came to Yalova again with Prime Minister İsmet İnönü. After that, Yalova was now a place where Ataturk did summer work, was rested and made important decisions.

He restructured Yalova:

Immediately after the discovery of Atatürk Yalova (5 days), approximately 400 artisans (Blacksmith, Electrician, carpenter, masonry) are brought to Yalova and mobilized for the city’s efforts. Thermal Kursunlu Banyon repair is done. Yalova Thermal road is corrected, Samanlı and Yalova are cleared. The first zoning plan of Yalova is made with the directive of Atatürk.

He spent 311 days in Yalova:

In the following periods, he visited Yalova in total for 13 days. He stayed in Yalova for 311 days and 273 nights in a total of 27 times.

She loved Yalova very much:

While trains from Ankara to Istanbul, they accepted the authorities on the way and got information about the work done in Yalova.

He took the most important decisions of the state in Yalova:

While Yalova Atatürk is developing rapidly with its close interest, Atatürk hears domestic and foreign statesmen and guests here and many decisions of the state are taken here. A very important meeting was held in Yalova. While telling the working places of Atatürk, Yalova was the city most mentioned outside of Istanbul.

Yalova made a nautical accident and tied to Istanbul:

A short time after Ataturk’s arrival in Yalova, Yalova gains access to the nautical status of the accident. Then it is connected to Istanbul which has better budget possibilities

Thermal Springs Have Fun:

Ataturk admires the thermal springs. It is immediately attempted to be a world famous center. A commission is formed from the elders of Yalova to take over from the person who runs the spa. The price is determined by the commission, the old operator is careful not to be the victim when the price is determined, the person who runs the spa is paid the necessary amount. Seyr-i Sefain General Manager Sadullah Güney is appointed to one of the authorities responsible for the repair and rehabilitation of the thermal. Forest roads are opened shortly. New hot and cold water pipes are installed in the hot springs. New water stores are built. The road between Termal Yalova is arranged and plane trees are planted on both sides of the road. Diseases in which waters and water could be beneficial were investigated.

Thanks to Atatürk, he has become one of the most beautiful HEALTH, HEALTH, NATURE and RESTORING corners of the Thermal World. It is possible to see the memory of ATATÜRK in every corner of this center.

At that time, the most famous gardener, Pandeli Master, was assigned to gardening. Pandeli Usta has served the thermal for many years.

Pandeli Ustan’s views on Ataturk’s approaches;

He was very curious, he liked all the flowers, he gathered the wildflowers, he put a daisy on the side every day. Even in the winter, the forest of the world went round.

He liked talking to the workers and the soldiers about the livelihood of the people and the way of things.

-Everyone who listens to trouble and enjoys being useful, sees every job with his own eyes.

-He did not know anything about con.

– His orders were clear and definite in his works.

-He knew that he should encourage, encourage, appreciate.

Spending for the thermal is shown as a ferry material. Suffering the weight of the Buyannan pipes too high, the Finance Inspectors inspecting Sadullah Güney, the General Manager of Seyr-i Sefain, found the expenses to be irregular and Sadullah Bey proposed to the court. Atatürk invites investigators to Çankaya and discusses the situation.

Inspectors:
“Pasham is good. At the expense site, nobody has worked for personal benefit. They were only incompatible with the legislation. ” Atatürk inspectorates;

“Look at the work and the work done with the legislation. Your country will not develop your opinion. Good things will stop for the country as there will be no law for every work. Do not break very good employees for the country, “he said, connecting the event to dessert.

The reasons of Atatürk ‘s intense interest in Yalova:

– Natural beauty and healing waters of Termal

Finding suitable areas for making sample farms

-It is located in a central place in terms of transportation

– Immigrants from different regions should be subjected to Iskana and the difficulties they face in the region,

Ataturk ‘s activities in Yalova:

-The efforts to make Termal a world famous health center

-Thermal Atatürk mansion construction

– Started the ferry operation every day from Istanbul to Yalova.

-Yalova Thermal Hotel

– Initiation of combat with medical

Placement arrangement

-Heavy quarry, Yalova pier between the hot spring 12350 meters in length 10 meters wide on both sides of the frequent wooded road,

Atatürk playing backgammon in Yalova (July 1935)

Important decisions taken by Atatürk in Yalova:

-The efforts to bring turkish history long before Islam, the history revolution sprouted and shaped in Yalova,

-Turkish History’s main lines are formed as two volumes and the negotiations made here are shaped and printed,

-The history books of the people Atatürk himself examined here and the direction was 077. Atatürk’s views on this subject are expressed in the following sentence: “History is as important as making history. Unless it is faithful to the writer, the unchanging truth will take on a nature that will surprise mankind ”

-Turkish Historical Society and Turkish Language Institution were established after the works in Yalova,

– The work of the Free Republican Party, an important step in the history of Turkish democracy, was launched in Yalova. Fethi Okyar Bey was assigned to Yalova for this purpose.

-Decision was made in Yalova that the technical schools would be replicated without being closed.

(President Ataturk, in Yalova, 16 September 1929 with Cigarette Mustafa who wants to read)

It was the first guest of the Thermal Hotel:

Atatürk finally came to Yalova against sabahat at the night of January 21st and 22nd, It was the first guest of the newly constructed Thermal Hotel. In Yalova where the aim was very important, Termal was a world famous health center. He stayed here for 9 hours. His first day of illness was diagnosed. On 1 February 1938 he went to Bursa to open some factories. This is the last departure of Atatürk from Yalova …

Yalova has entered into a development worthy of the great interest and love of the Great Leader and has developed into a modern, educated and modern city.

Yalova is one of the favorite holiday destinations with its thermal waters, summer houses and natural beauties. The easiest way to get from Istanbul to Yalova is by ferryboats from Yenikapi or Pendik of Istanbul Seabuses. You are in Yalova approximately one and a half hours after you leave Istanbul in this way.

Our first stop is the Living Plant Museum Karaca Arboretum, where you can recognize thousands of different plants. For this we are following “Thermal” signboards. The Arboretum is at the exit of Samanlı Village on the way to Termal.

Tema Foundation, which works to prevent desertification and erosion, is organizing visits under the name of Biotematur. We are actually following someone’s route from these tours.

The first places to relax in the summer months are the seaside, wooded areas or picnic areas. However, there are other options to be alone with nature. One of them is a tour under the name of Biotematur which is organized by Tema Foundation. With these trips, it is possible to know both the nature of the country and the biological wealth of our country. Another name for this is ecotourism.

The Tema Foundation has not only Turkey, but almost all of Europe has a single-person visit to places such as the Artvin Camili Forest, which hosts the untouched forest ecosystem, the Karçal Mountains on migratory roads of passageways and Görgit Yaylası, an old forest. In addition, day trips are organized in such areas as Abant, Erikli Yaylası and Karaca Arboretum.

It is already starting to open for you while you are on your way to the Karaca Arboretum in the green.

When you come in, there is a totally different world. For a few hours, you are completely away from the whole stress of the city with a fine, long, flowering plant without flowers.

Hayrettin Karaca, the founder of the arboretum, has now transformed this foundation into a foundation. “This is everyone” and calls all nature to Yalova.

More than 7,000 plant species can be seen at the Karaca Live Plant Museum, built on 135 acres. Trees were brought from South America, Australia, China, Iran, in short, all over the world. Hayrettin Karaca goes to many nurseries in person. For example, now the largest oak collection in the world is in the Karaca Arboretum. There are more than 250 oak species here, and it seems that this number will go towards 300.

In fact, the live plant museum is a scientific place for education, but market days are open to the public. During the week, groups can be arranged by taking an appointment.

The Karaca Live Culinary Museum is definitely a tour guide. It is possible to learn very interesting information about the trees here, including rare ones.

When we travel around the Arboretum, people realize that there is a lot we really do not know about plants. For example, the old leaf used in tire construction is just one example of the beauty of nature.

As it is actually a cold climate plant, it is very impressive to recognize the characteristics of a tree that can survive for 3,000 years, a pine tree that protects itself with a blue layer, its bodys, its trees in various shapes, and its branches.

You can recognize many plants here whose name you have heard or not heard before. On all the trees, there is a Latin label that shows the pattern of the plant.

The Karaca Arboretum received the “Wood Science Society” award, which was awarded last year. This is actually a plant gene source.

There are some basic rules in the arboretum. One of these is the warning “please press on the grass” unlike the usual. The reason for this is the presence of plant sprouts or seeds in every piece of land that is printed.

It is forbidden to speak loudly here, but it is absolutely free to step on the grass. The reason for the loud noise is that the animals such as frogs, lizards, and birds live in this place.

On the way back from the arboretum, you can take a piece of nature there and take it to your home from the nursery where it is produced and sold. In this way, you are also contributing to the Living Plant Museum.

We are now leaving the Arboretum and heading for another natural richness, Termal.

Now we will visit one of the first places that comes to mind in Yalova, Thermal Springs. It is based on an area of ​​1600 acres with two hotels, restaurants, thermal pools and historical sites.

Yalova Thermal Spa is operated by the Ministry of Health welcomes those who want to take advantage of the source water. There are those who stay in the facilities in the plant, participate in the cures for several weeks, also come to the day pools.

It is possible to utilize the source waters in different parts such as foot water, eye water and stomach water.

The thermal waters in Yalova are 66 degrees below the ground. Then it is cooled to 33-34 degrees with the fountain method. It is possible to take advantage of these waters by drinking and bathing.

Part of what comes to mind is to cure your diseases. Waters are said to be good for many health problems from respiratory diseases to stomach disorders.

Some people just come here to relax in the hot water.

The barbecue smell and crowd from the nearby picnic areas are uncomfortable from time to time, but we pass by the Bridge of Dilek and take a few breaths from the steam section and continue the spa tour.

In addition to finding health in Yalova Springs, you can spend a holiday on the inside as well, because in the past it has always been used as a health center thanks to its healing waters.

Kaplıcalar was an important source of health during the Ottoman period and Republican period. This is one of the places Ataturk spent a lot of time at the same time. “Atatürk Mansion” in the facility.

For the Great Leader this pavilion was completed in 38 days in 1929. When local and foreign tourists come here, the corner is also missing. Already there are traces of Atatürk in every corner of Yalova.

Also the historical baths, the reliefs on the outer parts of the baths, the remains of the Byzantines are some of the traces of history.

Slowly, it is evening in Yalova, and we complete our term and it is time to return to the city once more.

TRANSPORTATION

ISTANBUL-YALOVA 45 DK
* FERRYBALL TO GO TO YALOVA
* CONTINUED FOR THERMAL FROM YALOVA

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