In ancient times Çanakkale was called Hellespontos and Dardanel BC. It has been a settlement area since 3000 years. Çanakkale, an important settlement area since the Early Bronze Period; Thanks to the Dardanelles, is one of the two corridors that provide connections between Anatolia and Europe, the
Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Due to this feature, it has a very rich history. It has provided economic and military supremacy to the communities living in the region and they have passed their contemporaries in the field of civilization. However, this situation has been the target of various migration and invasion movements. Settling in different dates has been a part of the region in order to avoid looting, and in both cases intensified certain cultural exchanges. This cultural kneading lasted for centuries, resulting in a highly colorful cultural mosaic. In the narrowest part of the Bosphorus, there are Kilimbahir near Sestos in the vicinity of Rumeli during the reign of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, and Sultanas (Kale-i Sultaniye) Yada Çanak Castle near Abydos. The name of today’s Çanakkale Province comes from the Pottery Tower on the Anatolian side. The oldest people of the province are Beşiktepe and the Chalcolithic Period locals known from Kumtepe settlements. These, BC. Troy people follow their lives without being under any external influence from 3000 to 1200. After that, Troy Wars and Akalar, Aegean immigrations and various tribes, respectively. Finally, the Catalonians ordered by the death of Sicilian Commander Roger De Flor continued their activities for a while, but then they left Çanakkale and the region to the Turkish Beyers, a treaty they had with the Turks. B.C. I Troia I., founded in 3000 BC. It was destroyed in 2500 by an earthquake. Before this, it is known that there are old settlements in the region. It is thought that the city of Dardanos was founded before I. Troia. The installation priority is 100-150 years. B.C. With the migration of the “Sea Tribes” from the north in the 1200s, the dark period began in terms of history written in the region and Anatolia. Region, BC In the 7th century BC, it entered the dominance of Lydia Kingdom, which became a great power in Western Anatolia. By the coming of the Persians in the 5th century, Persian influence began to increase. In 386, Persian and Spartalûar, the “Peace of Kings”, provided the Persian rule for the region. B.C. At 334 BC, Alexander the Great of Macedonia, the Persian army near the Biga Stream (Granikos), decayed in Anatolia with the decline of Persia began to decline. After the death of Iskender’ın commanders of Iskender’ın have entered the struggle for power in the region. After the domination of the Pergamum Kingdom and the period of Galatian invasions, Dictator Sulla came to Gallipoli during the efforts of Rome to establish dominion in the region. The region also gained importance with its harbors during Roman and Byzantine periods. The wish of the Ottomans to establish sovereignty in the Mediterranean has led them to start the conquest in the Balkan Yanmada, Gallipoli and the region. With the establishment of a shipyard in Gallipoli, the Ottoman dominance in Çanakkale has increased even more. The Bosphorus was once again in the Gallipoli Wars (1st World War), and the enemy fleet was corrupted on 18 March 1915
Çanakkale is located in two sides of the Bosphorus, which separates the European and Asian continents from each other in the north-west of Turkey. Balikesir to the east and southeast of Çanakkale, Edirne to the north, Aegean Sea to the north, Edirne to the north, Tekirdağ and Marmara Sea to the north. Its surface area is 9737 km² and the coastal length is 671 km. The transition temperature between the Mediterranean and Black Sea climate is shown. The precipitation is generally seen in spring and winter
Çanakkale’s total population is 464,975 according to the 2000 Population Census results. 215,571 of the total population live in the provincial and district centers, 249,404 in the villages. The population density is 48. According to the 2000 Population Census results, Çanakkale has a population of 215,571 and a population of 249,404 and a population of 464,975.
Agriculture has been the most important activity in the province economy and the agricultural sector based on it has been developing in recent years and the share of the economy has increased accordingly. According to the results of the 2000 Population Census, 133.140 of the employed population is agriculture, 21.839 is industry, 8.470 is construction and 73,563 are also working in the services sector. The current unemployment rate is 3.6%. 54% of the total surface area is covered by forests, 34% by agriculture, 5% by meadow and meral, 7% by non-cultural land. 81% of agricultural land is arable land, 6% is vegetable, 2% is fruit, 2% is bond and 8% is olive. The total agricultural area of the province is 330.337 ha. It is 120,000 Ha. Irrigable land. A total of 60,711 hectares (50,6%) is irrigated and 39,457 hectares (65%) of this irrigated area is carried out by the state. The most important place among the agricultural products to be obtained is cereals as a proportionally and sowing area.
It is in the village of Behramkale in the Ayvacık district. It is believed that the Methymnals from Lesbos set it up in the 7th century BC. The acropolis, which was established on a sea and sea-dominated hill, is 3 km. Length. The doors made in separate forms are interesting. The highest temple of Athena is the most important part of the Acropolis, the Agora where the official structures of the period are located, the Bouleterion (Parliament) consisting of rostrum, sculptures and small monumental structures, and the Gymnasium, Theater, Stoa and Hellenistic- Also in Ayvacik District; The Apollo Simintheus Temple (Others Ddyma Apollo and Efes Artemis Temple), which is one of the three temples decorated with the columns of the columns in Gülpınar Bahçeleriçi in Anatolia, Anatolia, the Adatepe Zeus Altar in Homer’s Epic of Iliad, the roman bridge in Gülpınar Bucağı, Babakale mosque built by Kaymak Mustafa Pasha in Babakale in the 18th century, Behramkale Village built on a high hill near Assos ruins and Behramkale Bridge built on local stones built on the Tuzla Stream are worth seeing. BC Vll. The Assos City Ruins, founded in the 20th century and opened by Aristotle to the Logic School, are always accessible from Çanakkale.
TROIA ANCIENT CITY
It is 30 km away from Çanakkale near the village of Tevfikiye bound to the center of the İntepe beldes. Located on the trade route between the two continents, this ancient settlement has encountered many natural disasters and wars in history. As a result of archaeological researches carried out at the Hisarlik Höyügü, the existence of 9 settlement houses was determined. And the successive civilizations continue until the Roman period. The city, which was founded five thousand years ago, has been an important settlement center for about 3,500 years. St. Paul has visited Troia twice and has begun his third missionary journey to Assos. B.C. Troia 1, dated to 3000-2500, is examined as Early, Middle, Late Troia 1. The eastern tower of the city gate of the large restored Troia I walls is in good condition. The house, which is a long, narrow building with a portico, a large room and a quarry in the middle of the room, is one of the oldest known megarons. Knitted walls in the shape of a herringbone can be seen in this period architecture. Copper tools have been used yet with the impeller not being used. Troia II is defined as IIa, Ilb, IIc with three major phases, seven cattles on top of each other. Each one has a new fortification wall. In this period, the wheel was started to be used. Troia IV and V, BC It is dated to 2200-1800. There are house and wall remains from this period. Early Helas ceramics finds that Troia was associated with Greece during this period. Ornaments made of gold, silver, electrons, and pots were found in the fugitive Toria IV. There are imported containers of Mycenae and Cypriot vessels, both in Troia Vl and Virgil. The Vlla layer, ending in a great fire, must be the Troia of Priamos, the battle of Troia. According to mythology, Troia wars, which started with the abduction of Paris’s beautiful Helen, have lasted for many years. The earliest find belonging to Troia VIII is M.O. It does not go to the beginning of the 7th century. For this reason, it can be assumed that the city was abandoned after the Vllb 2 phase or until the 7th century in a very small settlement. In Troia VIH, two altar and remains of the Athena Temple were found. The bouleuterion of Troia IX (Roman monument), the theater, the remains of the mosaic upholstery in front of the theater attract attention.
GELIBOLU HALIHARI NATIONAL PARK
The area established on 33.000 hectare area was declared as National Park in 1973. Gallipoli Peninsula Historical National Park is one of the most important sightseeing places of the province. The land boundaries of the park form a line between Ece Harbor in the Saroz Gulf of Gelibolu Peninsula and Akbaş Jetty in the Dardanelles Strait. Arıburnu, Conkbayırı, Kocaçimen, Kanlısırt, Anafartalar and Suvla villages, which are located in the north east with the Tekke and Hisarcık noses, Ertuğrul, Morto, İkizkoylar, Alçtepe, Kerevizdere and Zığındere in the vicinity of the village of Seddülbahir are the main areas where war has taken place. There are many martyrs on the Gallipoli Peninsula today on behalf of troops and individuals who have been the martyrs of great courage during the Gallipoli Wars. The most important of these martyrs, each a separate example of heroism, is Morto Bay, Martyrs Adxbides, standing on Hisarlik Hill in memory of all our martyrs. There are 37 Turkish monuments, inscriptions and martyrdoms in various places within the historical National Park and 33 monuments and cemeteries belonging to the British, French, Australian and New Zealand countries.
OTHER HISTORICAL AND TOURISTIC PLACES
When you come to Çanakkale; Apart from the remains of ancient cities such as Hamaxitos, Alexandria Troas, Sankrea, Dardanol Tumulus, Abydos, Sestos, Gargara and Lamponia, Kazdağları, the first beauty contest in Mythology with Kilitbahir, Babakale, Bozcaada, Seddülbahir Bigall, Nara, Gelibolu Kaleleri, İntepe Çamlığı, Güzelyalı Important historical and tourist places.
HOW TO REACH CANAKKALE?
Çanakkale province is connected to the surrounding area by highway. It is 310 km from Istanbul-Canakkale, 260 km from Bursa to Canakkale and 320 km from Canakkale to İzmir. There are buses and minibuses to the cities at every hour of the day from the bus terminal in the center of the city. Gokceada’ya from Çanakkale and Kabatepe in summer and winter ship services are available and there is a possibility to return daily. Transportation with Bozcaada is provided by the boat services from the Port.