Gaziantep, one of the oldest cultural centers of the Southeastern Anatolia Region, is located on the historic Silk Road between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean, which dates back to 4000 BC and where the first civilizations originated.
The fact that ancient roads, strategic locations, united, defensive and attackable, at an intersection of ancient trade routes led many civilizations to gaze at every stage of history. These are the trade routes that go from Kahramanmaraş to Sakçagözü, connected with Urfa, Kalkamış, Dülük, Islahiye, Kilis and Aleppo. .Kieppert showed all these ways in the Anatolian map that he had drawn.
The geological situation of the city is increasing its importance. There are some mineral deposits known to have been used in antiquity in the Taurus Mountains within the boundaries of Commagene. It is stated in the inscriptions that the iron mines are operated in this area and steel is obtained with the period technique.
There are works belonging to Paleotik, Neolotik, Kalkeotik, Bronze Ages, Hittite, Med Assyrian Persian Iskender Selefkos, Roman, Byzantine, Abbasids and Seljuks in Gaziantep. Gaziantep has been an important religious center since the Hittite period. Dolichenos (Gaziantep), known as the holy city of the Hittite chief god, Teşup, preserved the same characteristic during the Greek, Roman period.
Gaziantep is a tourism paradise with its natural beauty, geography, rich cuisine and shopping opportunities as well as cultural richness.
Gaziantep (center), Araban, İslahiye, Karkamış, Nizip, Oguzeli, Nurdağı, Şahinbey, Şehit Kamil, Yavuzeli.
HOW TO GO?
Gaziantep is located both on the road and railway transportation from the south, from the Mediterranean to the east and to the north, and at the entrance of the GAP. It is also a major center of Gaziantep Silk Road which is a knot point for road transportation.
Highway: Highway connection to Adana and Mersin via Osmaniye, Şanlıurfa and Diyarbakır via Birecik bridge, Kahramanmaraş and Malatya via Narlı, Hatay via Fevzipaşa and İslahiye, Aleppo (Syria) via Kilis, It is possible to go to Hatay again via Hassa, Adıyaman via Araban and Pazardik in a separated way.
Bus Terminal Tel: (+ 90-342) 328 92 46 (Switchboard)
Railway: Three days a week Toros Expres is making a Gaziantep-Istanbul expedition. In addition, the Aleppo Expo coming from Istanbul and going to Syria is entering the Syrian territory from the border of the province of Islahiye. Dülük, Nizip, Karkamış daily voyage train services are made. Narlı Station is also connected to Aleppo-Baghdad railway from Karkassi station.
Station Tel: (+ 90-342) 323 29 43 – 323 27 47 – 323 27 48
By Air: Gaziantep Oğuzeli Airport is 20 km from the city center. In the distance. The airport can be reached from the city center by means of shuttles from Turkish Airlines.
Direct flights from Gaziantep-Oguzeli international airport to Ankara and Istanbul are also available daily to Istanbul three times a week. There is an air flight to Azerbaijan from the Independent State Community once a week. The airspace in which the international air transport is made will be in the very center of the air traffic to the Middle East in the very near future with the GAP being fully inaugurated.
Flights from Gaziantep-Oguzeli Airport to Jeddah city of Saudi Arabia are organized during the pilgrimage season.
Airport Tel: (+ 90-342) 582 11 11 – 582 11 12
PLACES TO VISIT
Museums and Historical Sites
Address: İstasyon Cad. – Gaziantep
Tel: (342) 231 11 71
Fax: (342) 210 30 17
Address: Eyüboğlu Mah. Hanifioğlu Sok. No: 64 – Gaziantep
Tel: (342) 230 47 21
Hasan Süzer Ethnography Museum
Belkiz-Zeugma – Nizip / Belkis
Yesemek – İslahiye / Yesemek
Tilmen – Islahiye / Tilme
Dülük Örenyeri – Martyr Kamil / Dülük
Belkis / Zeugma
Belkıs / Zeugma Ancient City, Gaziantep Province, Nizip District, Belkıs Village, within the boundaries of the Euphrates River. Belkıs / Zeugma Ancient City, built on a land of about 20 thousand acres; Belkıs / Zeugma, one of the biggest cities of the era with its population of 80 thousand, has been mentioned with different names in various periods of history, because it is the most shallow place of the Euphrates, because it is a very strategic region for military and commercial purposes.
Selevkos Nikator, one of the generals of Alexander the Great, and later the King of Syria, together with his name, united the name of the Euphrates river and established a city here in 300 BC called Selevkos Euphrates (the Silk of the Euphrates). After that, the city goes to Roman dominance in BC 1st century BC. With the change of dominance it changes the name of the city and it is called “Zeugma”, which means bridge and gate and is known all around the world. The villages are built on the slopes of Euphrates in Zeugma, which reached 80 thousand population due to the deployment of the 4.Skitia Legion Garrison of the Roman Empire and due to the trade soon. The population of 80,000 makes Zeugma one of the biggest cities in the world. For example, Zeugma was the same size as Athens (Athena), smaller than Antakya (neighbor) and Alexandria (Aleksandreia) in Egypt. It was several times larger than Pompei and London (London), now a giant metropolis.
The famous geographer Strabon speaks of Zeugma. It is known that during the Hellenistic period, important development activities were carried out in Zeugma during the time of Seleucian Nikator. A temple of Thyke, the goddess of fate, was built on the Acropolis in the city. This temple is still under the earth. The ancient city of Zeugma is one of the Roman cities that ridden its own city sikkesi. On one side is the Thyke temple, and on the other side is the Roman cartel motif, which symbolizes strength.
10 km from the city center of Gaziantep. Located in the ancient city of Dülük in the north, on the historical Silk Road, Şarklı Cavarada BC In the 6th millennium BC, tools made of stone that people live in were found. The city, known as Doliche in history, became the religious center of Teşup, the chief god of the Hittites. Many rock tombs and rock churches were opened in and around the village of Dülük.
The Carcassins ruins are located on the southern part of the Carchemish county located on the Syrian border. It is a settlement center dating back to the Neolithic era. The Gilgids Epic was depicted on the orthostats of the Carcassish city in the Late Hittite period. The works obtained here are exhibited in Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum today.
Gaziantep Castle is one of the most beautiful examples of the remains that can survive in Turkey. There is no definite information about when and by whom it was built. It was built as a watchtower tower during the roman period and expanded over time and its present form was converted to Byzantine Emperor Justinianus by M.S. There is information on the way he took it in the 6th century. There are bathing remains, cisterns, mosque and various building remains on the castle.
The name of this historic building was called Hromgla and it was called Rumkale. Because of its strategic location, it has been established since the Assyrian era, and even here the Assyrian King III. By Salmanassar M.O. It is reported that it was “Shitamrat”, which was reported to have been captured in 855 BC. It is believed to have been fortified during the Late Hittite period in the late 9th century.
The skirts rising from the coasts of the Euphrates and Merzimeri are entered with a gateway consisting of an outer wall and complex rooms. In some parts of the wall of the wall the rocky structure was utilized to the maximum extent from the topography showing the steep cliffs. In the present stone structures, Late Hellenistic traces and Roman period architecture are perceived as the earliest period. The ruins of the architectural remains are the Late Roman and Medieval character.
They are the most interesting, wide and cylindrical ventilation wells, with a water spiral down the side of this well and down to the Euphrates sevices to meet the water need. It is known that during the 11th century the Urfa Crusader period was an important center of the Hromgla. It is said that the worshipers of Yohannes, who had been retreating for a while here, copied and kept the biblical manuscripts, and later found copies were kidnapped in Beirut.
In the Middle Ages, “Hromkla” and “Assyrian” were named as Kala-Rhomata in the castle-city, and in the end of XII century they were called “Kal-at al Muslim.” After the Merc-i Dabık war, Rumkale was in the hands of the Ottomans and Birecik It has been turned into an accident connected to the mountain.
In Rumkale, there is still a Mescit in ruins with some buildings belonging to the Turkish-Islamic period. Much military character is felt from civilians, who are not suspected of being used for the security of the Euphrates from the first production.
The Euphrates Valley between Samsat and Rumkale is full of caves that do not cause doubt that their first use is in the prehistoric period. The caves still visible on steep slopes, which occasionally give the impression of a corridor, are the places that were carved into the rock as grave chambers during the Roman period. Many of these were later opened to protect the Euphrates, especially during the Crusades, and were joined horizontally and vertically with the passageways to become defensive spaces.
Cameras, Türbeler, Kiliseler
Sheikh Fethullah Mosque and Complex (Lower Şeyh Mosque-Center): Gazi is the most important historical building in Antep and is located in Şehreküstü Mahallesinde. According to the foundation, it comes from the complex, mosque, zaviye, hamam and medres. We can also include this complex, ‘kastel’, which is still another active member of the külliyen, which is now without a medical center.
The Ottoman mosque in the first era was successful, but the mosque, which brought together a different people, has a distinct place in Turkish-Islamic architecture, especially with its vault.
In the glass there is a manuscript written by Sheikh Fethullah.
Boyacı Mosque (Center): It is the oldest mosque of Gazi Antep and was built in 1357 by Boyacı Yusuf and Kadı Kemalettin. The Turkish Mamluks are very rich due to the devrine’s mosque, marble and tile adornments. Gazi Antep is one of the earliest examples of woodwork, decorated with wooden pulmets, twelve-pointed stars, palmettes, rosettes and geometric motifs.
Ömriye Mosque (Center): Gazi Antep ‘s Knot in the neighborhood of the camelin, 1210 records in the records are repaired. The glass, which is not known to whom it is made, In the time of Omar or Hz. Umar is said to have been built by Umayyad Caliph Umar Bin Abdulaziz. Another name for the glass is “Ömeren” meaning “two Ömer”.
Fine examples of carved stone workmanship can be seen in the guardrails of the minaret.
Ahmet Çelebi Mosque (Center): It is in Ulucanlar Mahalles. Haji Osmanoglu, the descendant of the founder of the glass, is Sheikh Ramadan Efendir. The madrasah is a mosque and a mausoleum of deliberately made up. It is understood from his book that it was made in 1672. Wood workmanship is remarkable.
Joshua Prophet’s Tomb (Center): The Prophet Joshua is from Israel, Moses is the niece. He saved the children of Israel from despair and settled it in Kenan. There are two tombs in two rooms of a building on the ground called Pir Sefa in the neighborhood of Boyacı. One of them belongs to Joshua the prophet, and the other to Pir Sefa.
Pir Sefa Mausoleum (Center): Pir Sefa Hazretleri and Joshua prophet are lying in the same place. Pir Sefan’s tomb is five steps down. According to the Rivay; Pir Sefa, Hz. Joshua’s sorcerer was buried here when he died. According to another custom, Pir Sefa is Medinel and Ensar. In the conquest of Gazi Antep by Muslims Hz. While Ali was fighting side by side with Karacomak who came here on his command, his body was divided into two and became a martyr. On this, Hz. Ömer bushing next to Yusha, “I have made myself a neighbor to the Prophet Zisan.” Shout.
The tomb of Hazrat Ökkeşiye (Nurdağı): The mausoleum located on a hill to the south of the town of Nurdağı is 17 km away from Gözlühöyük. Hazrat Ökkeşiye, Hz. During the time of Omar, Gazi Antep and his surroundings are said to be one of the five sahabahs who died during the conquest.
Rumkale (Yavuzeli): Rumkale is located at the town village of Gazip Antep and bound to the Yavuzeli district. It is the point where the Euphrates River merges with the Merzimen stream. B.C. It is estimated that it was built in the late Hittite period in 840. Hz. It is said that Johannes (Yuhenna), one of the 12 apostles of Jesus, made Rumkale a center in the Roman period and spread Christianity in Gazi Antep region. It is rumored that Yuhenna was hiding the biblical manuscript in a room carved in the rock in the castle and then kidnapped it in Beirut. It is also claimed that Yuhenna’s grave was in the ground and considered sacred for this reason.
Traditional Antep Architecture and Houses
Gaziantep is a well-established and rich architecture when it is looked at from the past in the formation of daily history. The structures of the city are the houses, the glass, the inns, the baths. The topographic features of climate, vegetation and social life have been influential in the formation of the functions of these lagoon structures. The architecture is dominated by courtyards because the summers are very hot. It is called “life” here because a large part of time passes through avudu.
The streets are narrow and shadowy. In some places there are six overhead residences called underground. Today there are only six Kabbalistic structures left. The dead-end streets that cut the streets vertically are called “dehliz”
Antep houses; Behind the high walls, as far as possible from the dental spaces. The houses, the second, the cantilevered ceilings on the floor facing the street are called pavilions. Such structures, which are covered with a foreign metal, are called mosaic houses. Generally two storeys and courtyard-facing buildings.
Shaded places during hot summer days. The rooms open to Sofia are rooms with multifunctional features. There are also mattresses for mattresses in bedrooms, cupboards for food containers. These have very nice woodwork called nacar.
Located in the historical Silk Road route, there are many inns and caravanserais staying in this period in Gaziantep. Haci Omer Hani and Millet Han are the most important people in the region. They are the most important ones.
Islahiye Hızır Plateau and Sof Plateau are the important springs of the region as far as Gaziantep.
In Gaziantep, the days when the weather is hot in the spring and summer seasons are organized away from the heat of the city and away from the noise, with the family and relatives called “Sahre” for dinner. On their rural trips, they go to the vineyards outside the city, excursions and promenades.
Some of these places are Dülükbaba Forests, Karpuzatan (Oguzeli), Kavaklık, Dutluk, Nafak, Burç Forests, Burç Goleti, Büyükşahinbey Township (Körkün), Nizip Karpuzatan and Double Pools.
Kamp-Karavan: 4 km from the city center. Dülükbaba Forests in the distance are covered with black pine trees and cedar trees. It is one of the biggest forest groves planted by our country with its 40 km2 area surrounding the north and northwestern part of the province. Dülükbaba has camping and camping facilities for 5,000 people a day in the forests.
Hunting: Around the Euphrates, abundant amount of partridges, tortoises, wild ducks and wild excavation hunts are made. In the vicinity of Tahtaköprü Dam Lake in the province of Islahiye in Gaziantep, there are chile, red-headed partridge, tortoise, wild duck, wild excavation, owl, pigeon, sparrow, hunter and wild boar.
Horse Trekking Hiking: Rumkale is located on the bank of the Euphrates River, on the banks of the Euphrates and Merziman Stream, there are horse trekking in Sofdağı and Hızır Plateaus. There are also trails for horse sports activities in the Burç Forests where the recreation project is made.
Trekking: Mountain and nature hikes are being made in the region of Hızır Plateau (Amanos Mountains), Sof Mountain Plateau (Sof Mountains), Rumkale River, Euphrates River, Dülük Forests and Zodiac Forests.
Angling Fishery: Şahinbey Burç Pond, Tahtaköprü Dam Pond, Hancağız Dam Pond, Alleben Pond and Euphrates River are located in Gaziantep.
Situated at the junction of the Mediterranean Region and the Southeastern Anatolian Region, Gaziantep is the neighboring province of Syria. There are also Dülükbaba, Sam, Ganibaba and Sarıkaya Mountains, which are the extensions of the Southeastern Taurus, where the Sof Mountains are located. The important plains of İslahiye, Barak, Araban, Yavuzeli and Oguzeli provinces and the Euphrates, Nizip, Afrin, Merziman and Alleben Streams constitute important streams of the province.
Olive, peanut, fruit and vegetable gardens vineyards are covered with cotton and wheat fields. The mountainous parts of the province are partly covered with pine, fir, cedar forests, steppe and half-step vegetation.
Gaziantep is rich in wildlife. In the forests of the province there are plenty of partridges, turtles, wild goats, wild excavations, chillies, eel owls, pigeons, sparrows, birds, wild boar, rabbits, water birds, hedgehogs and quail.
Gaziantep is located at the crossroads of Mediterranean and land climate. The southern parts of the province are influenced by the Mediterranean climate, in general summers are hot and dry, and winters are cold and rainy. Precipitation is most common in winter and spring.
The importance of the place element in the formation and quality of the history of Gaziantep is great. The formation of the region, its first civilizations, between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean, from the south and from the Mediterranean to the east, to the north and to the west, led to the history of civilization and today. For this reason, Gaziantep has been a place of frequent and frequent place in human communities since prehistoric times. The historical Silk Road has also been preserved in its importance and vitality.
The history of Gaziantep can be listed as Chalcolithic, Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age, Hittite, Med, Assyrian, Persian, Alexander, Seleucid, Roman and Byzantine, Islamic-Arab and Islamic-Turkish periods. It is possible to see the traces of these periods clearly today.
The old city, known as Ayıntap, is 12 km. It is located between Dülük Village and Karahöyük Village on the north-west. The archaeological investigations reveal that stone, chalcolithic and copper period remains are among the first settlement areas of Anatolia.
Gaziantep, under the sovereignty of the Babylonian Empire for some time, It was a city of the Hittite State in 1700. The city of “Dülük” is of special importance as it is an important religious center of the Hittites.
Gaziantep and its surroundings Between 700 and 546 he entered the rule of the Assyrian, Median and Persian empires. After Alexander the Great’s destruction of the Persian State, the Romans, M.S. Until 636 it remained under the sovereignty of the Byzantines.
Since Gaziantep was located on the main roads from Kahramanmaraş to Aleppo, from Birecik to the Mediterranean coasts and from Diyarbakır to Iskenderun, it maintained its cultural and commercial center of every period.
Islam spread to Anatolia from around and Hz. Prophet Muhammad sees the march of the kissing and the revelation of the Prophet of Hz. It is important for Gaziantep that the tomb of Nurdağı of the Crane of Turks is located on a hill near Durmuşlar village.
Hz. During the ongoing struggles to spread Islam beyond the Arabian Peninsula, the Islamic army took Hatay with the Gaziantep region from the Byzantines. Thus, in 639, local people accepted Muslims. Shortly afterwards, the bloodless and uninvited Syria and Antioch region were handed over by the Islamic forces. Here the famous Omariye Mosque of Gaziantep was made as a symbol of conquest at that time.
1071 Malazgirt After the war, a Turkish state affiliated to the Seljuk Empire was established in the region. The city, which was destroyed by the invasion of the Mongols in 1270, was later confiscated by Dulkadiroğulların (1389) and Memluklular (1471). Mercidabik (near Kilis) built by Sultan Yavuz Sultan Selim in 1516 against the Mamluks. After the Battle of Gaziantep, the region became the seat of the Ottoman Empire.
During the Ottoman period, many mosques, madrasahs, hans and baths were built, and the city also advanced in terms of production, trade and handicrafts. Evliya Çelebi who visited the region twice in 1641 and 1671 tells that there are 22 neighborhoods, 8 thousand houses, 100 mosques, madrasa, inn, hamam and covered bazaar.
At the end of World War I, Gaziantep was first occupied by the British and later by the French. Defense of Gaziantep, valor in our national liberation war history. Heroism and sacrifice have been inextricably abridged. The defense of Gaziantep has taken its place in the history as a national unity and a birthmark of the nation, a folk movement that saved itself and the Southeastern Anatolia from enemy occupation with its unique heroism.
The Source of Name
Gaziantep, formerly called Ayıntap, is named after the depths of history. Has taken its title from the full of heroism in the National Struggle.
It was written in the name of Ayintap and Aynitap in the past, and it was said as Antep and Entap by the large mass of people. Gaziantep’s famous name, historian Bedrüddin Ayni’s expression, is the old name of Gaziantep and its real name is “Kala-ı Füsus”, which means “Kala-ı Füsus”.
According to another account, there was a bad judge in the same name who persecuted the people of this place. After they had done a lot of improper work, they regretted what they had done, repented, and called the “same repentance” by the people living in the area. Then the same repentance remained as Ayıntap.
According to another custom, Ayintap has taken the name of the water from its beauty and its abundance. Moon: spring, spring and water are the eyes. Tap means: bright and beautiful. Because of this, ayınpap comes to the meaning of beautiful spring and beautiful source. Tap also comes to mean power and takat. It is said that this name is given due to the abundance of city water.
Another rivayette is said to be the former name of the city, Hantap. Tap: It is also used in terms of power, takat and land (the word is still used in the villages of Gaziantep as tap and captain). According to this, It also comes to the meaning of inn land. Hantap
Due to the outstanding heroism that the people had shown in the War of Independence, the city was founded on February 8, 1921 by T.B.M. He was given the title of “GAZI” by the Assembly. Layiha-i Kanuniye’nin l. “The name Ayıtp, which is the center of Ayintap livas, is the bond to GaziayInap”. Thus, Antep was in Gaziantep.
WHAT TO EAT?
Gaziantep cuisine has a privileged place among our country and world cuisines with its rich tradition and local palate flavor throughout the years. Inner meatballs, raw meatballs, small meatballs with sour, maltitalı (lentil) meatballs, small meatballs with yogurt are made from the original meat dishes.
Kildare kebab (tike Kebabı), which is famous for its kebabs, must be tasted with minced kebab, eggplant kebab, onion kebab, simit kebab and liver (screech) kebab.
Other types of local dishes are rounding, lahmacun, mixed stuffing, maş soup, beyran liquor, leaf wrapping, papermaking, bovine vaccine, chopping, stuffed ribs, alinazik, yogurt potatoes, kunefe, burmalı kadayif and pistachio paste.
Recipes from Gaziantep
1.5 kg. Eggplant (large long)
1 kg. Low fat meat
5-6 green peppers
Black pepper, salt
Preparation: Eggplants are washed 3 times in width after cutting the stems. Length. In the meantime, the ground beef is well kneaded with salt and pepper. Later on the syrup is minced with an eggplant sized walnut and is slightly flattened by hand. Tomatoes and peppers are passed separately on the skewers. It is cooked thoroughly by turning on a flameless medium-fired barbecue fire.
WHAT TO BUY?
Hand made with white, yellow, cream colored yarns wrapped on white cloth and traditional shoes which are very healthy and without heels, which are made from the rosewood, and which are made of copper, the mother of pearl inlaid goods, gold and silver jewelery, Original gift items that can be taken from.
Gaziantep baklava, Pistachio, sweet sausage and pestil, red pepper and spices are recommended to be bought in Gaziantep.
Shopping centers are located in Değirmiçem and Sarıgüllük areas where new residential areas are located with Mütercin Asım, Gaziler, Suburcu, Kargöz and Şıhcan streets which are the busiest centers of the city. In addition, Municipality Passage, Büyük Pasaj, Soylemez Passage, Aleppo Passage, Syria Passage and Salvation Passages are places where shopping can be made.
Raw materials of antep rugs are oxen, camel and horse feathers, sheep wool and goat hairs. Antep kilims are very different from kilims of other regions in terms of looms, shapes, touch patterns and embroidery.
Raw material; Flute (artificial silk) and cotton yarn and woven on hand benches, is an old weaving type woven in Turkey only in Gaziantep. Kutnu cloth is used as a local dress, as well as various accessories, tourist clothes, bags, slippers, curtain fabrics and national clothes.
Aba is a male garment made of a special fabric woven from camel, ox and horse feather, goat hair and sheep wool. The rope and the fabric to which they are tied are named according to the name of the coloring, the length, and the dressing.
The zurna, which is at the beginning of our bullfighting folk songs, is made of thick granary tree, in Gaziantep; All Kaba Zurna, Orta Kaba Zurna and Cura Zurna varieties are produced.
The history of copper processing in Gaziantep is based on very ancient history. Coppers are made in one piece, but solder is not joined in any other way.
Sedef and Sedefkarlık artifacts were born in the Middle East countries and passed to the Ottomans after 15 years. Sedefism was enriched with different motifs and designs for centuries and used in architectural structures, usage items and weapon decorations.
The Silverworking Workshops that have been growing rapidly in our day and the fact that the use of silver workmanship has been very prevalent in our province and in the local area show that this art has developed very rapidly in Gaziantep and provided important foreign exchange inflows. shows.
Yemeni, red or black on the top of the base is called the footless and well-heeled shoes that are planted from the root is called Yemeni diken insana is also called köşker.
Antep Business Handwork
Antep work is handled by embroidering with white, yellow, cream yarns and various silence and openings on white fabric by wrapping and pulling on yarn. The antep work is named for this first time because it was made by housewives in Antep and its surroundings. The fact that the works carried the ancient Turkish processing character shows that these works were done by the locals. Nowadays, very nice processes are being done by using sim, colored yarns and auxiliary embroidery needles without breaking the processing technique.
Gold is an easily processed, high-value, stainless metallic element. According to known written records BC. It was printed as money in Egyptian mints in 3200. In Anatolia and in the region of Gaziantep III. It is found under the Romans period in the century. It is known that the Scythian Turks who lived in Central Asia earlier (in the years of 1000 BC) were also involved in the sixth.
With the acceptance of the Muslims of the Turks, the production of gold articles decreased. Since Gaziantep was not a province before the Republic, the gold from Aleppo, which is the provincial center, was sold here. This was done by the Armenians living in Antep. According to information received from gemologist Nuri DURUCU, Mountain, Davoyan, Pancaryan, Nezaretyan families were the most famous of the Armenian families who made jewelery in Antep.
With the abandonment of the members of these families at the end of the War of Independence, the jewelery became very weak in the region. With the efforts of Sait TÜRKİSTANLI, who was originally a Turkistan master from Medina in 1918, the jewelery profession started to revive gradually, Sait TÜRKİSTANLI started to work with silversmith first. Among the masters whom he trained in relation to the profession are Şükrü Elbay, İbrahim Halil, Mehmet Fazlı, Kemal Serengil, Kırıkhan Hilmi Aşur and many others. According to the information received from Gene Nuri DURUCU and Gaziantep Chamber of Jewelers, the jewelers of Gaziantep; They have made ring jewelry, colored stones, rubies, emeralds, turquoise and similar colored stone rings, garbage, filigree, serpent, twisted, flashing and similar bracelets, belts and many other kinds of gold jewelry. However, until the 1950s, during the Republican period, gold jewelery was generally manufactured outside and sold in Gaziantep.
The ornaments and jewelery produced in Istanbul and other big ills, which are regarded as the center of the jewelery, are produced and sold in gold (gold) jewelery with 18 or less calibrated, while the jewelers produced by jewelers in Gaziantep are manufactured from gold which is called 22 carat and 916 billion. Especially in recent years, manufacturers of Gaziantep hit their stamps showing that their products are TSE certified. This transaction ensures that both tradesmen and consumers can buy and sell Gaziantep gold in confidence.
The jewelery tradesman and artisan in Gaziantep were organized as an association in 1972 and as a Chamber after 1976 and continue their profession in solidarity.
Today around 400 showcase jewelers in Gaziantep, with around 60 manufacturers, 568 jewelers registered with the company, around 500 workplaces and around 2000 people working in these establishments took place in the Gaziantep economy. It is seen that with the works being done, it will bring its place in Turkey further.
The starting date of the cube in Gaziantep is not known precisely. However, archaeological excavations in various ruins around the city, BC. It is understood that in the years 6000-7000 (Neolithic period) there is ceramics in the region. Gene locally excavated in BC. During the years of 3000-1100 (Bronze Age), the pots made from the soil are found in abundant quantities. In later periods, there were pieces of material showing that these kinds of materials were made. In short, it is understood that various materials have been made and used from the soil around our city and its surroundings since the days when people started to live widely in our home.
It is known that today, around 50-100 years ago, there are many workshops built in caves around the city and masters and workers working in the workshops.
In the old period soil materials; Containers, boilers, pots, cups, cubes and similar storage, cooking and service vessels are produced as flower pots, pipes, bricks, roof covers and similar materials for other uses. With the exploitation of new materials and techniques in the construction of pots and legs and the use of glassware in the making of glassware, the use of kitchenware has gradually been abolished and the cube and soil kitchen warehouses have closed each other Has become a profession that a few elderly masters are forced to carry out. On the other hand, the development of tourism, as well as the fact that handwork is starting to be searched at a lesser extent in Turkey, as well as the master craftsmanship of this business has also developed tourist attractions and cities in the parks and gardens are used in the production of pots.
Cub land consists of a mixture of two or three kinds of clayey soil and silica. This mixture should be kneaded very well and turned into a slurry and fermented for a long time. This sludge with meringue is shaped as desired on the machine called the wheel and the engine. According to the size of the material to be made, it is made from one, two or three parts and made into one piece. It is kept in the sunless and windless place for a little drying. The lines are drawn after the little drying parts are shaved and cleaned. If the patterns are to be drawn and other shapes are given, they are done in these operations and left to dry again. If the drying process is done in a sunny and windy area, the colors and forms of the work done will be disordered and cracked. Depending on the temperature of the air and the size of the material, the soil properties vary between two and fifteen days.
Dried parts; The cooking ovens are placed in such a way that the circulation of air is not obstructed between them and the temperature is gradually increased and cooked between 900 and 1000 degrees for 9-10 hours. At the end of this process the oven is turned off and is expected to cool down.
If the pieces removed from the cooling bath are used for water container, flower pots and similar purposes, the use is ready. If the glazed cube is to be made, the baked and chilled parts are covered with lead-based glaze, and it is expected to be reheated by cooling again. The cubes made in this way are now sold to the more touristy areas, the shops selling tourist goods in our city and the ones made as flower pots.