Historical and Touristic Places of Muş

Seyahat Rehberi


Muş, which has a great tourism potential in terms of natural, historical and cultural values, was built on the oar between Çar Deresi and Korni Stream in the Upper Murat-Van section of Eastern Anatolia.

The history of deep-rooted culture, which has started from Urartula, is undoubtedly the most important tourism resource. In the province of Mus, which has a great potential in terms of winter and nature sports, there is not enough tourism structure in this direction yet, studies are being continued.

LAWNERS: The provinces of Muş are Fuzzy, Haskoy, Korkut, Malazgirt and Varto. HOW TO GO? Highway: It is possible to reach the terminal with a distance of 2 km from the city center with local minibuses. Bus Station Tel: (+ 90-436) 212 18 01 – 311 23 53 Railway: It is possible to reach to the city center by minibuses within the distance of 3 km. Station Tel: (+ 90-436) 216 11 17 Airline: Transportation to Muş Airport, which is 16 km away from the city center, is provided by Muş Plain service vehicle. Airport Tel: (+ 90-436) 217 ​​00 84 – 217 00 85

Traditional Mus House
The layout and layout of the building reflects a typical Turkish city atmosphere, and the main impact on the formation of the residential architecture is the lifestyle and necessities that arise from the customs and traditions of our nationality as it is in our other regions. In addition, the traditions, the climate and the compulsive requirements of geography are other factors in this formation. The houses in the street texture, which resemble the settlements of the other provinces on the plateau, are generally two-storey structures rising behind the courtyard. The houses of Esk Muş are, in general, Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia) show parallels with the houses but they show differences in the place names of the places. There are “tussock”, groceries and trellises under the “barb” which are entered by passing through the door. In most houses there is also a barn with them. The window edges, which have an aesthetic and simple appearance, are built in the style of a helmet dome under the influence of the Seljuk culture and when viewed from the outside, the appearance of the helmet is obvious. Instead of bay windows, windows are used instead of bay windows and generally simple balustrades are used to support this part. Entrance doors adorned with flower niches on two columns on both sides are double-winged and are mainly made of metal and are complemented by simple looking door knockers or lock connections. There is a stairway at the height of the steps that provides access at the opening of the doors. On the inside, the lower floor is made up of staircases that usually form the stairwell with the kitchen, bathroom, toilet and garden room. When you go up, you can see the sofa located in the traditional Turkish houses, and the lounge overlooking the front and used mostly for conversation. All the rooms on the upper floor are lined up around this hall.

The doors that connect the spaces in the houses are simple and unpretentious. All the doors are made with a thresholded door lock system with iron latches and the door sizes can be of different sizes depending on their position and functions.

The wall thickness of the houses (fill walls) is 60-70 cm. As a result, the windows give a dim air. The upholstery is covered with clayey soil or flat salted rocks on the ground (lower floor) and wooden materials on the tops. In front of the window of each room there are cedars with a height of 30-50 cm and a width of 50-90 cm.
One of the most important and spacious places of the house is the kitchen with a stove. When it is just below the dining room, the kitchen is removed from the dining room and the food and beverages are removed from the space in the wall by a revolving pulley system. The most interesting feature of the canyon which is located on the lower floor is that there is a separate and open part called “çol” which resembles today’s bathtub and prevents water from splashing around.

The mortar is made of a mixture of straw, goat’s scabbard and slaked lime as plaster on the entire inner walls of the house, which is then whitewashed and the wall surface is completed. In the half of the wall, the so-called ‘legends’ are used. The thick part of the roof is placed on top of each other, filled with oak walls in the space between them, and then covered with mud afterwards.

It is still possible to find some of these houses that have been destroyed and technological structures that have been destroyed nowadays in the city center.

Ruins Locations
Kayalıdere Antique City: (Castle City) Mus city center 40 km., Varto town 20 km. In the distance, in the village of Kayalıkaya. In the city which is an Urartian military settlement, the excavations made in 1965 revealed a depot with a temple, castle, wine cube and a rock burial. The King of Urartu II. The castle dated to the Sardis period (746-735 BC) is quite strong.

B.C. The bronze lion sculpture, buttons, arrowheads, bronze needles and lion hunts depicted in the 7th century were found. The cemetery to the south of the ruins is made up of six rooms connected with a corridor carved into the rock. The various objects found in these rooms are exhibited in Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum.
Mercimekkale Höyüğü: It is located on the Muş-Varto highway in Mus center. It is estimated that this mound used for communication during the Byzantine period remained from Urartu period.
Bostankale Höyük: The mound, located in Bostankaya village of Malazgirt district, is an Urartu settlement. The surface surveys conducted by a team from Ankara University were finally protected as a 1st degree SIT area.

Kepenek Höyüğü: It is located in the village of Kepenek, connected to the center of Mus. During the investigations, an inscription belonging to the Urartians was found in the mound.

Mus Castle: The castle in the center of Mus is one of the oldest settlements in the city and it is unknown what date it was built and who built it. Castle, Hz. During the time of the Omar, the Muslims passed away, and over time, their derebeys were made officers for the fortress and the city administration, subject to the Abbasi caliphs in Baghdad. The Arab cemetery, the Seljuk cemetery and the Ottoman cemetery, which have been destroyed by the western side of the castle, a large part of which has been destroyed by the influence of the wars of prolonged wars,
Muşet Castle: The fortress, located in the Red Visitor Hill in the south of Muş, was built by the Urartians but largely lost its originality with various repairs made in later periods. It is understood that the temple was used in the Middle Ages through various repairs.

Haspet Fortress: It is a slope on the eastern side of the Red Visitor Mountain in the south of Muş. The walls and the two towers are partially parted. Other parts were destroyed in natural disasters. Although the exact date is unknown, it shows itself in the position of a police station dominated by ovens reconstructed with Horasan mortar in terms of materials and artwork used in construction. There are also two watchtowers in the village of Soğucak on the skirts, which are largely destroyed.

Camels, Churches, Monasteries
Ulu Mosque: The Ulu Mosque built by Sheikh Muhammad-i Mawribi, who lies in his hunting ground, is in the west of the Alaeddin Bey and Hacı Şeref mosques. Due to its architectural characteristics, the mosque, dated to the second half of the 14th century, is made of rubble stone, rectangular, planed and inscribed.

The main space is domed in the middle, covered with a barrel vault, and has a three-domed last community place with a cut stone in the north. Again the simple crown door made of cut stone is in a niche with pointed arched niche. Except the western wall, there are two windows on the other walls. Minaresi was damaged from the earthquake and was repaired in 1968 and 1972 with faithfulness.
Haci Seref Mosque: The mosque inside the Arslanlı Han, which is a Seljuk structure, was built in the 17th century. Its main place is square plan, covered with flattened domes on the big side in the middle. The plain mihrab is round arched and niche shaped. The minaret was added in 1902 and the last community was built in 1997.

Alaaddin Bey (Pasha) Mosque: The mosque was built by the governor of the city Alaaddin Bey in the early 18th century. The main building covered with large domes and small domes in the middle has a square plan and is divided into nine quarters. The main space is reached by passing through the crown door of the last congregation covered with three flat dome. The sides of the crown, embossed oil lamp motifs, the altar in the middle of the naphtha are decorated with columns and plant motifs. The glass of the minaret is square cylindrical with cylindrical body and is made of two colored cut stone.

Çanlı Church (Surp Garabet): It is located in Upper Yongali village of Yaygın Beldesin. The church, which was used as the “Fire Temple” during the first period, was opened to the worship of Christians in 399 by the Sasan. Today the church is still one of the most popular places for foreign tourists.
Arak Monastery: It is estimated that the church in Kepenek village, connected to the center of Muş, was built by Sassanids in 499. The church was used as a monastery and a shopping center. The monastery is spread over a large area and has 360 rooms. The rooms symbolize the days of the year. Especially the reliefs are interesting.
Sironk Church: The church was built in 651, located in the town of Kırköy, Mus. Despite being in a ruinous situation today, it attracts foreign tourists.

Meryem Ana Kilisesi: It is located in the center of the Meryem Main Church, Mus city, whose exact date of construction is unknown. The Church, which is in better condition than the other churches in the present, is only able to visit the main place, with the top ceiling destroyed.
Baths
Alaaddin Bey Bath: The bath in the city center of Mus was constructed by Alaaddin Bey on the same date as Alaaddin Bey Mosque. The hammam which is being used today is one of the Ottoman artifacts of the last period. The plant motifs are used in the interior decoration of the building, which is similar in quality to the building material and architectural features of Alaaddin Bey Mosque. An interesting feature of the bathhouse is the presence of a turtle relief just above the door in the entrance to the great locality.
Güllü Hamam: Another bath that was destroyed by Muş in natural disasters is Güllü Hamam. The most important feature of the bath, which is supported by the mudbrick structure, the horasan mortar and the walls built from rubble stones, is the triangle which is called “Turkish triangle” and which serves as a carrier for the domes.
Khans
Starred Inn: The Star Inn, which is located in the city center of Mus and has two floors, was built in 1307. The lower floor was made of cut stone and the upper floor was made of mud brick in accordance with the Seljuk architecture. A part of the inn, which has 52 stores in total, has been demolished and repaired. However, the stone carving motifs at the entrance gate have not been damaged.

WHAT TO EAT?
Mus has a rich cuisine. With the effect of animal husbandry, meat is a basic element in the local nutrition. Major local dishes; Muş köftesi (week poles), stuffed cabbage (stuffed kelp), hez (fillet) stuff, çorti, keşkek, cavbelek, mırtöge and everybody.

WHAT TO BUY?
In Mus, carpentry, rugs, felting, wicker knitting, bead – lace carving and sock knitting are traditional handicrafts. However, sacks and tents are worn from the hull to be used in the spring, according to the way of life.

RETURN WITHOUT
Muş Castle Park, Esenlik Mosque, Ulu Mosque, Starred, Murat Pasha Bridge, Çengilli Kilisesi, Arak Monastery;
Mush meatballs, stuffed cabbage, çorti vaccine and keskek are not tasted from the local dishes;
From the original crafts; Lace and bead processing, carpets, rugs and blankets …
Do not turn.

MUŞ’S ACCOMMODATION

Name: HOTEL DAP
Category: 3 Star
Address: İstasyon Cad. Hospital Over Mush
Phone No: 0 436 212 98 10
Fax No: 0 436 212 98 13

Name: OTEL GÖKSER
Category: 2 Star
Address: İstasyon Cad. Mus
Phone No: 0 436 212 30 13
Fax No: 0 436 212 98 13

Name: HOTEL ZÜMRÜT
Category: 3 Star
Address: İstasyon Cad. Collective Business Inn Muş
Phone No: 0 436 212 96 05
Fax No: 0 436 212 96 05

Name: OTEL MALAZGİRT
Category: 2 Star
Address: Atatürk Cad. No. 1 Malazgirt
Phone No: 0 436 511 42 56
Fax No: 0 436 511 21 71

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