Osmaniye; It has an important location on the Haydarpaşa-Bagdat Railway, which is worth seeing, archaeological and touristic places and the intersection of E-5 and D-400 State Highways. It is 20 km away from the Mediterranean Sea and 25 km away from the farthest plateau.
Within the borders of Osmaniye, BC. In the year 312, there is the Bodrum Castle Kastabala (Hierapolis) city founded by the Selefkus and the Hemite Castle dating from the Romans. As ruins; Kınık city (Örenşar Kalıntıları), a thirsty well from the Romans in Akyar village, about 50 caves in the village of Fakıuşağı, the building remains belonging to the old Iskana in Osmaniye’s first foundation place, Teknetaş locality around Samseki, Arab pit in the product plateau, Karatepe (Inside the National Park area and open air museum), Issızca Castle in Yarpuz center, historical bath ruins, Cafer-i Tayyar Tomb on top of the Pig Mountain, slag remnants and porous leçelik.
Hierapolis-Kastabala (Hierapolis) Cemetery Within the borders of Kesmeburun and Bahçe villages 15 km away from Osmaniye province, Hierapolis-Kastabala (Ruins), known as Bodrum Castle in the region, was the kingdom of the kingdom of Tarkondimotes, a local king in the 1st century BC. Tarkondimotes died on the side of Marcus Antonius, who fought against Octavianus, in Actium sea battle. After Octavian founded the Roman empire, the city was forgiven and the city was included in the empire before the death of Auguston. With the mother goddess Artemis shrub in central Kastabala and the reason for this cult temple, the city played an important role in the history of ancient religion. There were many cities attending the cult ceremonies held every year along the banks of the Ceyhan river (Pyrames). The most prominent feature of these cult ceremonies was that the nuns walked barefooted over the hot, coarse coal. The city was also referred to as Hierapolis-Kastabala during the reign of emperor Valerian, or “Hierapolis” on the side of “Pyramen”. In 260 AD, the Sassanid king was captured by the 1st shrine. It is known that the acrobats of Kastabala were famous during the Early Byzantine period. 5.yy. The city, which was seized by the Isarian Balbines at the beginning of the Byzantine Empire, soon became linked to the metropolis of Anazarbos (Anavarza). Kent joined the concert held in Ephesus in 431. It was greatly influenced by two severe earthquakes that took place in 525 and 561 AD. Kastabala, who changed hands several times with the influx of Muslim Arabs and Turks and lived alone in the Middle Ages, was completely abandoned when the Ramazanoğullarının passed the 14th century. In 1978, the orchestra and cavea sections of the theater were excavated during the cleaning work carried out by the museum experts on the colonnaded road and the theater. It is not currently regulated. Among the antique building remains of Kastabala which are in very good condition, the most important thing is undoubtedly columned cadet and 5000 spectators capitated theater. Besides this, the 6th century. Two churches with polygonal apses, dating from the Byzantine period and built with reclaimed materials from Roman structures, The necropolis (rock carvings and monumental tombs) that surround the four sides of the city, including the castle, Roman bath, stadium and the tombs built during the Crusades in the city of Kastabala, Osmaniye and most of the region with its aquaduct (aqueduct) Important places of interest.
KARATEPE-ASLANTAŞ KALESİ Karatepe-Aslantaş Castle (Ören Yeri) is built on a natural hill overlooking the Andirin plain (Today’s Aslantas dam) by Asativatas, who introduced himself as the governor of the Adana Plain in the 8th century BC during the last Hittite period. It is surrounded by a castle du-vari with six, stone foundation, mudbrick, and horoscope. In the castle, the remains of the stone foundations belonging to the summer hunting lodge of the ruler, servants, soldiers, horses, and storage were removed. It was attacked by Assyrian at 720 or 680 BC, burned down, and under the cover of soil and vegetation.
TOPRAKKALE KALESİ Toprakkale, whose first date was not known, was reconstructed with black stone along with Haruniye Castle (786) in the fetus of Harun Reşit’s Çukur-ova during the Abbasids period. The Abbasids gave the name “Al-Kenisa-Tus Savda: Kara Church”, Hamdaniler (10th century) “Tel-Hamdün.” The white stone decoration and round-shaped loophole holes in the style are the Mamluk style architecture style. The castle was built on a mound of hill and the Ottomans said “Kınık Castle” Toprakkale is in the view and control area of the Çardak, Bodrum Castle, Hemite, Anavarza and Tumlu castle.This castle is 7 km asphalt road to Osmaniye
KAYPAK (SAVRANDA) KALESİ It is connected to the east side of Osmaniye by a 30 km asphalt road on Kaypak road, next to the Kalecik dam, the circumference of the Kalenin is 800 meters and it is rectangular. The walls are 7-10 meters high and the bastions are 8-10 meters high and there are 12 tombs and towers.The castle is remained from the Romans.The transit road from Osmaniye to Gaziantep is on the way to the Kaypak Bucağ with a sweet incline It is built on the southern ridges of Kaypak tea, and its circumference is 800 meters. It was built rectangular in conformity with the land. The south-east-north and west directions of the Kaypak tea on the sharp slopes of the east, the hardened calcareous rocks of the vertical side of the stalks of those side of the danger with these natural feet have been prevented. The Fortress of Savranda, which gives all its strength to a point in the right hand, has been raised to the point where it is difficult to overcome the walls and signs in this direction. For this reason, it is entered from the only gate that is open to the pit. From the bottom, the stairs on the rocks rise up to this door. There are no defenses or tricks around. The plain inside the castle is covered with pine trees. There are water cisterns, building remains in the castle square. A narrow path leads from south to north, continuing. At the bottom of the north facing gull, a 2 meter course with a square passage descends to the Kayak tea. The inside of the bushes are empty, two floors. There are doors that open to the castle square underneath all of them. The road passing through the Surun connects the signs. The castle, rising from the pines, is worth seeing in the middle of nature beauties. Medieval buildings. It has been renovated many times.
HEMİTE KALESİ (GÖKÇEDAM VILLAGE) Hemite Castle, 20 km northwest of Osmaniye, is connected to the city center by asphalt road. It was built on a steep hill on the edge of the Ceyhan river. Three arched, made of chipped stone. The walls are composed of twenty trunks; It is 8-10 meters high and 1500 meters long. The remaining theaters, palaces, temples and baths remained from the Romans inside the outer walls. ÇARDAK KALESİ is 6 km east of Osmaniye. The castle is on a steep hill 200 meters above the village of Çardak. It can be walked from the village of Çardak. The castle is rectangular and has 10 bastards. It is a stay from the Romans.
Ovada is on a dominant hill of the village of the same name. ” Horse riding cavalry ” Due to the relief, it is believed that the castle was built by Tarkondimotos, the founder and king of the city of Hierapolis-Kastabala.
A – Bad Castle: It is 1 km away from the east in the neighborhood of Gebeli.
B – Dereobasi Castle: In the center of Derebasi village, there is a small castle to the south and a second castle to the east
C – Mithinus Fortress: It is about 2 km from the center of Zorkun and it is in the north. Mitisin is walked after the spring.
D-Fenk Castle: On the road to Zorkun, after passing the Olukbaþý plateau, approximately 3 km on the left. Away. It can be reached by any means.
E-Karakışla Castle: It is 6 km away from the old village of Hurma in the southeast of the city of Osmaniye.
F- Kırıklı Kalesi: It is in the east of Osmaniye center and Kırıklı village.
It is on a very steep and wide hill which is the only exit in the Nur Mountains to the west of Küllü Köyünün. Due to the large number of cisterns, the cistern was called here among the people. According to the knowledge given by the governor of Cilicia Çiçeron, It is the city founded by the Selefkos pirates who gave their name to the 1st (Free Cilicia). It is also called pindenissium. In ancient times the ships who came to the port of Isos were pirates and then escaped and hiding. They are rock-carved graves called 3 km south of the city’s necrohol (Gavurören). After the Sarnıç and Gavurörene Küllü, a path of about 2 km is reached. Yaylaları Çukurovada and Osmaniyede tradition of highlands and accordingly, yayla trismia is very common. Due to the atmospheric temperature of 40 ° C in summer, people reach the smoky mountains like botanical gardens in the height of reaching to 2100m at the height of nature and the springs of the Taurus facing Çukurova.
OSMANİYE-KARATEPE-ASLANTAŞ LATE HİTİT KALESİ
Karatepe-Aslantaş; Adana (today Osmaniye) is located on the borders of Kadirli District in BC. In the 8th century, in the Late Hittite period, it was founded by Asativatas, who introduced itself as the ruler of the Adana Plain, as a border fortress against the savage tribes in the north, called Asativadaya. In the west of Kalenin, there is a caravan road passing through the Central Anatolian highlands from the southern plains, Ceyhan River (Pyramos) to the east and Aslantaş Dam Lake today. Two T-shaped monumental two-door buildings equipped with high towers were opening into the castle. From the two towers, a monumental wooden door that swirled in spindle beds from the basement behind a bridle after an open gate, entered a scenery, two side rooms beside it, and also a castle. On the inside of the south-west gate building was the statue of God of the Storm God on the double bullwale of the sanctuary. The interior walls of the door buildings are equipped with lounges, sphinxes, inscriptions and reliefs of bas relief, which are painted on basalt blocks. The longest bilingual texts of the Phoenician and Hiyelogrif (Luvca) writing systems, known to date, were once found on both doorsteps; A third example of Phoenician was also performed on the sacred sculpture. Thus, thanks to the readability of the Phoenician text, a key was found that allowed the final resolution of the hieroglyphs back to the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC in Anatolia, which had not yet been fully resolved. This facet of Karatepe-Aslantas inscriptions has been internationally renowned as the famous Rosetta stone that allows Egyptian hieroglyphs to be read. B.C. The Hittite Empire, which dominated Anatolia in the 2nd millennium BC and is the capital city of today’s Boğazköy (historical Hattusha) Some of the kingdoms such as Malatya, Sakçagözü, Maraş, Kargamış and Zincirli were established in the southern part of the Taurus after they were disintegrated as a result of the raids of “sea peoples” in the year 1200. These were later plundered by Assyrians at various stages. This is the turn of the Asativatas rule. The castle was probably built by Assyrians in BC. Salmanasar V in the 720s, or BC. It was destroyed and abandoned by Asarhaddon in 680 AD.
I am really Asativatas
Man of my sunshine, God of the Storm God
The great ruler of Avarius, the ruler of Adana
The Storm God made me the father and the mother to the city of Adanava, and I developed the city of Adanava
And I have enlarged the land of Adanava, both to the sunrise and to the sunrise.
And in my day I filled the city of Adanava with prosperity, tranquility, comfort tastes, and fountains of Pahara
I built a horse, I built an army to shield the army, everything is for the god of the storm and the gods, I broke the play of the workers.
I threw the bad ones out of the country
I established my own self-made mansions, reconciled to the surname and sat on the throne of my father, and established peace with all the kingdoms.
The kingdoms also know me, for adultery, wisdom, and good heart.
I established strong borders in all my borders, at the borders of bad people, gang leaders;
I took all those who did not bow to the house of Mopsos, Asativatas, under my foot.
I destroyed the landmarks, I established the remains that the Adanavans would live in comfort and peace.
In the wake of the dawn I have taken away the powerful nations that the previous kings have not been able to defeat.
I Asativatas, I have subdued them, I have used them myself, and I have placed them into the boundaries of the sunrise of the country.
And at the day I extended the borders of Adanava to the sunrise, and to the sunrise.
So much so that, in the places where the prey is scared, in the desolate roads where men are afraid of going to the road, women are spinning in the daytime.
And in my day there was plenty, toughness, comfort and peace.
And the country of Adanava and Adanava lived in peace.
And I established this place, and I called him the name of Asativah,
The Storm God and the gods lead me to this castle, which is the guardian of the Adana ovens and the Mopsos house.
There was abundance and serenity in the soil of Adana plain at the day,
No one passed the sword from the Adanava people in the day.
And I established this fortress, I shot him the name of Asativa.
I settled the God of the Storm there and devoted sacrifices to him; I am an ox a year, a sheep on a double ride time, a godly sheep island.
I sanctified the God of the Storm, giving me a great power over long days, countless years, and over all the kingdoms.
And the people who settled in this country had oxen, flocks, abundance and drink, their plots were abundant, thanks to the Storm God and the gods.
Asativatas and Mopsos serve the house.
And if a king among the kings, a prince among the princes, a man of the countenance erases the name of Asativatasan from this gate, he writes another name here, beyond this, he looks at this city and makes this gate that Asativatas made, And if he strikes his name, and breaks this door for greed, hatred, or insults, then the kingdom of heaven, earth god, and sun of the universe, and all generations of the gods, will eradicate this king or this precious man from the earth.
Only the name of Asativatas is immortal, forever,
Like the name of the sun and the moon.