It is suggested that the name of Siirt came from the Sami Dili. In some sources it is written that this name originated from the Keldani Dili, the word Keert (Kaa’rat), which means city. The word Siirt, in name sources; Esart, Sairt, Siirt, Siird, and so on. The Syrians were called the city Se’erd (hard as the local language). It was used as Hard, Seerd, Sört, Sairt in XIX.yy., and today it has been adopted in the form of Siirt.
Located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region, Siirt is located at 41o-57i east longitude and 37o-55l north latitude, surrounded by Sirnak and Van from the east, Batman and Bitlis from the north, Batman from the west, Mardin and Şırnak from the south.
Most of the province’s land is covered with mountains. Muş Güneyi Mountains in the north and Siirt Doğusu Mountains in the east are mountain ranges forming the natural borders of the province.
After the border changes in 1990, the area of Siirt Province has decreased to 6.186 Km2. According to the 2007 census, Turkey has a population of 291,528, accounting for 4,13% of Turkey’s total population.
Aydınlar, Baykan, Eruh, Kurtalan, Pervari and Şirvan’dır.
MOSQUE AND TURKISH
Ulu Mosque: The exact date of construction of the mosque was repaired by Muguziddin Mahmut in 1129 (523 H) from the Seljuk Sultan. 1260 (658 H) Cizre judge Seljuk Atabeylerin El Mücahit Ishak made by the addition of window frames.
Cumhuriyet Mosque: The mosque whose exact date of construction was unknown was repaired in 1926 and the name Hidrul Ahdar was changed to Cumhuriyet Mosque.
Veysel Karani Hz. The tomb is located in the Visit Town of Baykan province. The tomb, which was built with mortar and covered with a dome, was demolished in 1967 and replaced with a new tomb.
İsmail Fakirullah Tomb: The tomb built for 18th century by İsmail Fakirullah, the teacher of Ibrahim who has knowledge of religion and astronomy, is located in Aydınlar district center (Tillo).
Sultan Memduh Tomb: Sultan Memduh whose real name is Sultan Mahmut is Hz. Hijri 1174, Miladi came to earth in 1761 in the city of Aydınlar (Tillo). Sultan Memduh has a divan of 47,000 pounds. Hijri 1263 Miladi died in 1847.
Sheikh Muhammad El Hazin Tomb: Sheikh-ul Hazin was found in preaching and advice at the Siirt Center Ulu Mosque in places, and at one time it was said that the time of ihlas had advised for 40 days sermon on the commentary. He died in 1891.
In Siirt Province, there are churches and monasteries, which are remnants of daily life. These are the most important ones.
Hadervis Church in Siirt city and Mir Yakup Monastery. Church located in Şirvan District center.
Derzin Castle: Surveillance towers built on a very steep hill from the Byzantine period were able to protect their existence until day.
Thin rock (Kormas) Castle: 10 km from Şirvan district. It is a remnant of the Byzantine period in the village of Incekaya (Kormas).
Irun Castle: It was built at the summit of the steep mountains 40 km north of the Şirvan district. There is a connection to the underground tunnel with the river that passes through the foot of the mountain where the castle is located.
Şirvan (Küfre) Castle: 4 km east of the center of the district, the name of the county called kaledir. The fortress, built on a natural rock, dominates the position, resembling an eagle’s nest.
Because many calcareous formations have important place in the geological structure of the province, many caves have formed. In some of these, there are traces of people being used as housing. These natural caves, which are formed by the dissolution of limestones with low resistance to water, are usually concentrated in the valley. The most famous of them are Botan Caves.
Çememikari, Pergari Township and Cemema and Herekol Plateau are in the vicinity of Şirvan. These high platos, which are abundant in summer and winter, are covered with rich meadows.
Surplus Springs: 15 km to Siirt. Far away, on Eruh road. Bath applications are useful in skin diseases, rheumatism, gynecological diseases, neuralgia, neuritis, polyneuritis, polio secretions and in water exercises.
In Siirt Province, there are plenty of partridges in important hunting tourism. The hunting season usually covers the October-February period. Apart from this, it is always possible to fish in rivers.
WHAT TO EAT?
Among Siirt’s specialties are Perine (Perive) meats and curd rice cooked in fez-shaped pots.
WHAT TO BUY?
Bıttım soap, Siirt blanket, Jirkan kilim, Pervari balı and peanut are the products of Siirt.
Veysal Karani and İbrahim His Holiness Without seeing the generals,
Without seeing the Grand Mosque,
Siirt Baran, Curtain Rice and Zivzik Narın without tasting,
Mohair woven blanket, Siirt Peanuts, Burma Soap, Pervari without getting a balığı,
… do not come back.