History and Touristic Places of Nevşehir Province

Seyahat Rehberi


Nevsehir is not only Turkey’s, but also one of the few tourism centers in the world. Fairy chests and rocky churches, underground cities Haci Bektas-ı Velî lodge and many other historical sites are visited by foreign and local tourists.

Some of them are:
Nevşehir Castle: In the twelfth century, the fortress Dâmâd İbrâhim Pasha built by the Seljuks was restored. It is on a high hill in the southwest of the city center. The fortress is made of chipped stone and has two doors.

Dâmâd İbrâhim Pasha Complex: The complex built by Sadrâzam Dâmâd Ibrahim Pasha in the eighteenth century; Ministry, madrasah, library, bazaar mechebi imaret and hamamdan meydana. It is also known as Kurşunlu Câmii because the dome is the bullet. Almost the mihrab is a very good example of marble workmanship. The pulp is very beautiful. The bottom of the muezzin’s chamber is gold gilded. In 1961, the Madrasa was appointed as General Directorate of Foundations and opened to the public as a library. In 1949, the image was turned into a museum. Sibyan mosque displays miniature, archeological and ethnographic artifacts. There are 40,300 precious works in the library section. Handwritten works are very valuable.

Land of Darkness: Sadrâzam Dâmâd was built in 1715 by Ibrahim Pasha. The cut is a simple structure made of stone. The minaret was built in the 19th century and is the only honorarium.

Alâaddîn Câmii: It is estimated to have been built in the 13th century in the province of Avanos. She lost her original originality with tamir and inserts. Minaret was added in 1950.

Grand Cemet: It is in Avanos district. It is also called underground. The eighteenth century is an Ottoman work. The base is below ground level. It’s flat.

Karavezir Complex: The complex built in 1779 by Karavezir Seyid Mehmed Pasha in the district of Gülşehir; Madrasah, and the fountain. It is also known as the Curious Jami. The madrasa was built in 1960 and is used as a library.

Kızılkaya Village: It is in Kizilkaya village of Gülşehir district. It is estimated to have been built in 1293 BC. Despite what he had seen, his originality has not been lost.

Stone Mountain: It is in the Turkish village of Gulsehir. The antique castle estimated to have been built in the thirteenth century is in ruins.

Hacı Bektaş Veli Dervish Lodge and Complex: It was built by Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli in the fourteenth century. In the Kulliyesi; Quarry, dervish, tomb, mosque and fountains. The mosque was built by Sultan Mahmud Khan II. Dergah 23 is a part of it. Every part has a special name. 1) Kiosk, 2) Çatalkapı, 3) Mill window, 4) Misafir mansions, 5) Laundromat, 6) Bakery, 7) Anbar, 8) Square garden, 9) Misafir, 10) Square, 13) Salamis Gate, 14) Soup House, 15) Souvenir Square, 16) Larder Garden, 17) Summer Square, 18) Hazret’s Court, 19) Cemetery, 20) Balum Sultan’s Tomb, 21) Hasbahce Gate, , 23) Hasbahçe. The tomb of Hacı Bektaş-ı Velî is in the plan of the classical Seljuk mausoleum, and the walls and the ceiling are decorated with sülüs script and flower motifs. There are sixteen fountains in the gardens.

Taşhunpaşa Complex: It is in Damse village of Ürgüp district. The complex mosque, which was built in the time of Karamanoğulları, comes from octagonal kümbet, hexagonal kümbet and medres. There is no book of the Almighty. It is estimated to have been made in the fourteenth century. The original minbar and mihrab are in Ankara Ethnographic Museum. The madrasa, the house is 3 km away. The investigations revealed that the medresse was used as palace for the first time.

Sarıhan: It is on the Urgup-Avanos highway, 5 km away from Avanos. It is estimated that it was built during the Seljuk period. It is the classic plan of the Sultan’s hans.

Beylikhanı: It is in the neighborhood of Câmi-i Kebir. Dâmâd İbrâhim Pasha was built in 1726. It was able to reach the part of the animal which was built daily.

Ancient artifacts: Besides their natural beauties, the târihî artifacts are also famous. The number of Göreme Kaya Churches in this region is 365. It was made by carving into the rocks called fairy chimney which came from the eruption by erosion (wear). Between ten and thirteenth centuries, Christian monks and the locals lived here. The Tukali Church with its walls filled with frescoes and the Elmalı, the Dark Çarıklı, the Serpent, the Hidden, Thedor and St. The Barbara churches are the most famous.

Göreme and Ürgüp are concealed from conical rocks (fairy chimneys) coming from the nature. It is an area of ​​5 thousand m2.

The volcanic tuffs of Erciyas and Hassan mountains were layered on the bottom of the lake and the soft and calcareous soil cover brought to the water by the lake’s crown was processed and the works in Göreme were made. For Cappadocia; “Fascinating air and silent weddings are a place that is rarely seen in the world with its beauty that will cut off its breath and its rock-cut underground cities”.

Zelve Ruins: 4 km distance to Goreme. Cavusun Church: It is near Avanos. There are various figures on the walls. Açıksaray: It resembles a palace with carved holes and door-shaped cavities with the effect of erosion. Balcony churches: 7 km from Ortahisar. Thousands of pigeons go on a path.

Underground cities: Derinkuyu lagoon and Kaymaklı town underground rock carved city remains. The underground city of Derinkuyu is famous for its monastery, cold weather facility and the remains of a mental hospital.

Üçhisar: It is a center of recreation and entertainment that stands 8 km east of the city center. It is a site of 40 m high fortress, surrounded by the city of Goreme Vadisi.

Kaymakli (Eneyi): It is a site where the underground city is located 20 km south of the city center. They are refuges made to protect during enemy attacks. It goes down 4 times with mixed dams.

Mesîre locations

Nevşehir is also rich in natural beauty. The location of the mesire is generally Kızılırmak shores with valley bases.

Goreme Vadisi: 14 km distance from the center of the province, Kızılırmak’a is a province opened from the south. There are fairy chunks on the slopes of Vadin. This promise is not satisfied from the Üçhisar waters. From here the fairy chimneys, dovecotes, rock churches and the surrounding area look very beautiful.

Kadirah Stream: 3 km away from the city center, it is a place where the natural beauty is extraordinary and a resting place. There are many holes and waterfalls in Nevşehir Çayın which are opened by cutting basalt rocks in the region.

Üzengi Stream: It is a nice promenade 14 km away from the city center. The rising valley slopes like walls, fruit gardens and mansions are a popular resting place.

Kazankaya: It is near Gulhane. The shape and appearance of the rocks are very beautiful.

Ballıkaya: 5 km away from the city center is a famous place with a view.

Kızılırmak shores: The Red Sea villa expands in the lands of the Gülşehir and Avanos districts, revealing natural beaches and woodland resting places. It is about 20 km to the city center.

Drinks and spas
There are a large number of drinking and hot springs. The most noteworthy of these is Kozaklı spawns.

Kozaklı Bathers: It is in the creek bed to the south of the Kozaklı district. Accommodation facilities are available. Hot spring water is good for painful diseases and rheumatism.

Gümüşkent (Salanda) Drink: It is located 3 km from Gülşehir-Hacıbektaş highway. There is no facility. It is beneficial for skin diseases. It is used as drinking by the local people.

Other springs in the region; Nevşehir İçmesi, Çorak İçmesi, Deliklikaya İçmesi, Kızıltepe Mâdensuyu, Sarıkaya İçmesi, Avanos Ballıca Kaplıcası, Ürgüp Çökek village İçmesi and Ürgüp Üzengiçay İçmesidir. The drinking of these waters; Liver, intestines, mydial and biliary tracts and urinary tract inflammation and is useful in reducing the stones.

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