Kayseri Province History and Touristic Places

Seyahat Rehberi


The commercial and industrial center of Central Anatolia is the junction point between land and railways, and the Kayseri natural beauties besides the rich artifacts. Since it is a very old settlement center, there are many historical monuments and places. The most important of these are the Seljuk and Ottoman devolution ones. Seljuk’s works are mostly in Kayseri after Konya. The Seljuk and Ottoman monuments are artistic scenes of beauty.

Some of the important ones:

Kayseri Castle: Built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian in the fifth century. The castle, which was damaged by many wars, was built in the time of the First Alâeddîn Keykubâd. Later, it was used in the time of Karamanoglu and Ottomans. Although it has come from the inside and the outside, it is very ruined today. The inner castle is a 195 bastard with a rectangular plan. There are three doors in the south east and north.

Zamantı Kalesi: It is near Pınarbaşı.

Şahmelik Castle: It is located near Şahmelik village of Develi district. The castle built during the Romans period was also used by the Byzantines. Today is a ruin.

Yeşilhisar Castle: It is the name of the city.

Develi Castle: It was built on steep rock in the west of Develi district. Harab is in place.

Hunad Hâtun Complex: The first complexes built during the reign of the Anatolian Seljuks. It was built in 1238 by the wife of the First Keykubad Mahperi Hunad Hatun. Complex, madrasah, madrasah, tombs and baths have come to the scene. He’s a minami. The minaret and the big dome were built during the reign of Abdülhamid Han. Kulliya is the stone workmanship. The bath was appointed by the General Directorate of Foundations in 1968.

Kölük Câmii and Madresesi: It is the work of Seljuks in the thirteenth century. In 1205, Atsiz Elti Hâtun, the daughter of Mazaffereddin Mahmud from the Seljuk commanders, was built. In 1335 the earthquake damaged by the name of the Kölük Şemseddî’nin named because of his name is referred to. Your mihrab and the Chinese are very famous. The madrasa is two storeys.

Hacı Kılıç Câmii and Madresesi: Abu Kashim Ali Tûs, one of the viziers of the Seljuks, was built between 1242-1249. The gates of the castle and the mediterranean are beautiful examples of exquisite stone workmanship. It looks like castle from outside. Made of yellow and black stone.

Grand Cemet: The twelfth century Seljuk artifacts. The work made in 1135 is buried in 1.5 m soil. It was built by Melih Mehmed Gâzi. The work, which saw tamarisk at various times, lost its original original structure. There is a tomb and a madrasah beside it. It is one of the oldest Turkish artifacts and the first Turkish mosques in Anatolia, and the minaret is the longest minaret in Turkey. At the end of the eighteenth century, Reîulsküttâb Rashid Efendi built a library. There are many valuable writing works.

Kurşunlu Câmi: It was made in 1585. The Ottoman devrine is âit. The real name is Hacı Ahmed Pasha Jami. Mimar is among the works of Sinan. Hacı Ahmed Pasha was a kaptan-i deryâ. This name is given because it is from the dome bullet. There is caravanserai love, pasha rooms, medrese rooms and fountain in the palace complex.

Fatih Sultan Mehmed Jami: It was built in 1478 by Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror. Since it is in the castle, it is also known as the Castle Câmii.

Lalapaşa Câmii: It was built in 1308 by Muslihiddîn Pasha. It is also called Tulip Câmii. The minbaric wife is an incontestable shaman. There is muhâfazada sakal-ı şerîf which Sultan Abdülhamîd Han gave as a gift.

Great Citizen: It is in the territory of the world. It was built by Kalaban bin Karabuda in 1256. The crown door is very beautiful. It is a castle view with cutting stone walls.

Develi Ulu Jami: It is in Develi district. It was built in 1281 by Göçer Araslan and his wife Saad. Mihrabu is very ornate.

Avg Medal: Made in the thirteenth century. The madrasah has been restored by the Regional Directorate of Foundations.

Sâhibiye Madrasa: It was built in 1267 by Sâhip Ata from the Seljuk viziers. The geometric processes surrounding the gate are the best examples of Seljuk stone work.

Köşk Madrasa: It was built in 1341 by Alâeddîn Eratna. Cutting is gravel. There is a tomb in the middle of the courtyard. Eradna allah and her mistress are buried alive.

Hâtuniye Madrasa: It was built by Nâsýreddîn Mehmed bin Halil from Dulkadiroğullar in 1432. Beside its door are two beautiful fountains with pointed arches.

Çifte Madrasa (Healing School of Gıyâsiye): One of the two madrasahs, one of the hospital, came from two adjacent structures. It is the first medical faculty in the world. In 1205, Seljuk Sultan Sultan Gıyasdeddin Keyhüsrev built his foundation on behalf of his sister, Gevher Nesibe Sultan. The gate is an interesting example of Seljuk stone work with fine processes. There is Gevher Nesibe Sultan Mausoleum adjacent to the wall of the hospital section.

Keykubadiye Palaces: These are summer houses built by Alâdeddin Keykubâd in 1224. A small lake has come to the water from three sides along the coast.

Sultan Han: It is in Palas village on Kayseri-Sivas road. It is understood that it was made in 1236 BC. In the foreground there is square planned mosque. It is bigger than Konya Sultan Han.

Tekgöz Bridge: It is on Kızılırmak on Kayseri-Ankara road. It is understood that Rukneddin was built by Suleiman in 1203 BC. The length is 120 meters and the width is 27 meters.

Çokgöz Bridge: It is on the Kayseri-Yozgat road, on the red-headed. It was made in the thirteenth century. Fifteen eyes of different sizes came to the scene. The original structure has disappeared due to the constructed tamars.

Karatay Inn: It is on the road of Kayseri-Malatya. Atabey was built by Emir Celâleddîn in 1240. The decorative door is very beautiful.

Double Kümbet: In 1247, Sultan Keykubad was built for his wife Melîke âdile. It is on Sivas Avenue. On the square pedestal, the octagonal body of the hill was destroyed by a pramit cone.

Döner Kümbet: It is between Kayseri-Talas. In 1276 the daughter of Keykubâd of the First Alâdîdî was made to Shah Cihan Hâtun. It is 12 angular and covered with a cone shaped cone. It is made of yellowish cut stone. It is decorated with plant motifs and geometric motifs. The coim is a two-way narrow staircase.

Melik Gâzi Mausoleum: It is in the village of Melik Gâzi connected to Pınarbaşı district. It was built in the twelfth century. There are two storeys, the lower floor is the sarcophagus room and the upper floor is the room where the sarcophagus is located. The outer surface of the turban is covered with bricks. The tugs are arranged in geometric patterns and have a beautiful appearance.

Old artifacts: 20 km north east of Kayseri, Kültepe is a 4000 year old settlement site dating to the Hittites and Assyrians. His former name was “Kaniş” (Kanesh). Thousands of tablets were found in the excavations. There are also remains of this ancient city. He was a colonist of Assyrian merchants. Here, bronze and copper periods were also found. Karum: An ancient Hittite and Assyrian city remains near Kültepe. Erkilet: It is the ruins of a city of Hittites. Soğanlı Harâbeleri: There are churches belonging to Rome devine. These distinctions are the same as Erdemli, Doğanlı, Araplı and Göreme. It is connected to the big church in Başköy with underground channels. They are all decorated with frescoes. Kayabaşı Caves: It is located near the district of Bünyan and has artistic traces of early ages. Roman Tomb: In addition to the Sahabiye Madrasa, A third century and a tomb of the Romans. Fractal Written Emblems: The Develi mound is the writing and paintings of the Hittites on rocks near Fractin village. İmamkullu Kabartmaları: Imamkullu village near the town of Develi. Hieroglyphic writings and relief paintings written on a large rock (Lightning Rock) are the Hittites. Yemliha Kartalı: It is a Hittite work in Kayseri. The monolithic granite is made of stone. It is 2 meters high by 20 cm and weighs 4 tons.

Natural beauties:

There are many promenade places in Kayseri famous for their natural beauty. The main recreational areas are:

Mount Erciyes: The summit is covered with snow and the highest mountain of Central Anatolia, Mount Erciyes and its skirts and scenic places of natural beauty are extraordinary. The mountain is also suitable for skiing. Erciyes and Tekir are the ideal resting places in the summer months while mountain climbing and winter sports center feature in winter. There are various facilities, swimming pool, chalet beside the ski lift. It is the biggest winter sports center of Turkey after Uludağ. Bağlar: The center is between the district and Erkilet, Gesi, Talas and Hisarcik. Bosphorus Bridge: This promenade is located at Karasu, 20 km west of the city center. Route: A place of rest, of course. The vineyards have been the subject of türküler. Talas: City is 7 km away. Hisarcık: There is a park and a swimming pool. The mountain house is a unique promenade with water, greenery, sun and constant wind. Hisarcik is a promenade where those who want to go to the mountain house go by. Mimar Sinan Park and İnönü Park: It is in the city. It has spread to a wide area.

Kapuzbaşı Şelalesi: It is located at the southern border of the province, at a distance of 170 km from Kayseri. It is one of the most important natural wonders of Kayseri and its surroundings, in the Hacer region of the Taurus Mountains, where altitudes come out from the rocks of 70 to 150 meters in height and bring the same named tea to the waterfall. The cliffs that rise in a palace are referred to by this name because the old Turkism is called “kapuz”. There are also some who convey that the Turks came here during the spring season and took this name because they stole the cops at the beginning of the waterfall. The waters coming from seven different sources are almost always growing with the waterfalls they bring to the waterfall.

Spas and spirits:

Kayseri province is very rich in terms of drinking and spas. The important and famous hot springs are:

Bayramhacı Kaplıcası: It is located near Bayramhacı village 80 km away from Kayseri. It is useful for rheumatic disorders, gut disease and circulatory system disorders. Drinking cures are good for liver and gall bladder diseases. There are facilities next to the spa.

Yeşilhisar Drink: It is located on the Kayseri-Niğde road, 11 km from the town of Yeşilhisar. It is beneficial for mide and intestinal disorders. There are facilities next to the spa.

Tekgöz Spa: It is in Yemliha village. This spa has been used since ancient times and it is good for women’s diseases with neuralgia, hemiparesis, fracture and dislocation.

Hasanarpa Mâden Suyu: It is in Hasanarpa village 12 km away from the city center. Mide is good for liver and kidney diseases.

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