Rize History and Touristic Places

Seyahat Rehberi


There is no way to estimate Rize by looking at the topography of Anatolia and the vegetation cover. Rize is rugged and rugged compared to Anatolia. Plant cover is too loud to be seen. The shoreline and the inner parts are almost green with various shades. Rize has also made a reputation in the world as a flora. Approximately 20 end plants are grown in Rize.

The traditional village and highland house architecture adds an enchanting richness to the interior, alongside the shoreline, while the mountain and the volcanoes complement each other with this image. Rize’s visitors are richer and more enchanting than they had hoped. Mountain climbers coming from Rize are able to climb the high peaks of the Eastern Black Sea, “KAÇKAR”, the world’s most famous bee “ANZER”
Can benefit from “AYDER” springs.
In short, anyone who is interested in seeing all these features and beauties, we recommend “RIZE TRAVEL”.

History

“SANNIKA” during the Pontic Kingdom, “Pontus Polemoniacus” during the Roman Empire, different narrations about where the present name of Rize, which is called “LAZISTAN” in the Ottoman Empire and early Republican period, came from. According to one opinion, “Rhizos” in the meaning of rice in Greece, or Rhiza in the meaning of Rumcada mountain hill, is a word that is changed by Rize. Another view is that in Ottoman, the word “Rize”, which means crumb, rash, is used for the same name.
Direct information about the written history of Rize begins with the voyage of the marines of Miletos living in the Aegean. B.C. It is known that in the 670s the Milatos extended their Colonies to the Rize, which they built on the Black Sea shores. Med and the Persians also suffered from the invasion of the region during this period because of the influence of the Greek Culture of lycia.
The Rize region, which was ruled by the Pontic Kingdom in the early ages, was excluded from the influence of the Islamic movements until the 11th century. 11th century. (1072-1092) under the rule of Meliksah (1072-1092) during the ascension of the Great Seljuks, but in the 1st Crusade (1096-1099), the entire Black Sea fell into the Byzantine Empire of Rize and then the Greek Pontus Empire of Trabzon. In 1461 Sultan Mehmet took the Ottoman border with Trabzon. In these years, it is known that Rize is located in Batman Gonya Sanjak of Trabzon province. In the second half of the 19th century, Rize was the center of sanjak as it was left to Batum Russia, a center of the province of Trabzon. Rize occupied by the Russians in World War I on March 2, 1918’de escaped the occupation and in 1924 became the Provincial Center.

Geography

Artvin in the East, Erzurum and Bayburt in the South, Trabzon in the West and the Black Sea in the North, Rize is very rugged
It has a land structure. There are almost no narrow valley mouths at the seaside. Between high altitude peaks
Kaçkar (3932 m.), Which is the highest point, holds a snow-winter profit. The natural structure of Kaçkar Mountain has many winter sports, topography in trekking and mountaineering. Kaçkarlar for mountain skiing is a natural runway view.
The Rize province lands are born from the high sections of the North Anatolian coastal mountains and many of them are scattered to the Black Sea
It is divided by stream. The most important ones are Fındıklı Stream, Büyükdere, Pazar Stream, Karadere, İyidere and Fırtına Stream. These are decorated with waterfalls in various places, the best of the trout breeds are grown in these areas. The lakes in Rize are the glacial lakes formed in the higher parts of the mountains as a result of the erosion of the glaciers. These lakes are the natural springs of Çamlıhemşin and Ikizdere.
In Rize, winters and summers are mild. The annual temperature average is around + 14 °. The region is the place with the highest rainfall in Turkey. 2510 kg of rainfall per m2 per year falls. According to these climate characteristics, the Mediterranean vegetable grows citrus fruits and tea. Most of the forests are beech, oak, chestnut, linden, spruce, alder and forest rose. The forests include wolves, bears, wild boar, forked mountain goats, birch chickens and birds. The region also provides a suitable environment for bird watching.

Tourism Values

Rize is a very special tourism area with steep slope valleys, peaks reachable mountains, glacier lakes, emerald green springs, historical arch bridges and bears, and enthusiastic streams. There are a number of hoby attractions such as canoe, deltaplan, mountain, skiing, trekking, nature, reliable and sincere atmosphere suitable for tourism activity.

A) Plateaus: Plentiful plots in Çamlıhemşin, Hemşin and İkizdere districts on the skirts of the Kaçkar mountain range provide a life beyond the clouds with their well-preserved original architectural houses. Ayder, Down-Yukan
Kavron and Anzer springs are the tourism center. These plots are especially frequented by local and foreign tourists in the summer months.

B) Mountain Sports: Kaçkar Mountains are the 4 biggest mountains of Turkey. It is the Alpine Mountains. The walks create a suitable environment for mountain climbing. Flora and fauna also have a very special structure.

C) Canoe: There are canoes at the Rize highlands, especially when the storms and the snow melt in İyidere.

D) Thermal Tourism: The only hot spring of the Eastern Black Sea is AYDER. It proves to be good for a lot of disease is the focus of hot springs. Also Rize as a drink is rich. In particular, ANDON drink is good for stomach and kidney diseases. Hot water drilling work is continuing in Ikizdere Ilıca Village.

E) Bird and Butterfly Observation: The abundance of birds and butterflies beside the rich flora of Kaçkar allows this activity to be done. Especially İkizdere Çamlık region provides a very suitable environment for this activity.

F) Safari: This area has the most beautiful natural trails for safari.

Rize, located in the Eastern Black Sea Region, shows the most characteristic features of the region. It is distinguished from the other regions of Anatolia by its geographical structure as well as its cultural structure. It is a very special tourism area with its steep slopes, peaks reachable mountains, glacier lakes, emerald green springs, historical arch bridges and bears, and exhilarating streams.

Geography

Artvin in the East, Erzurum and Bayburt in the South, Trabzon in the West and the Black Sea in the North, Rize is very rugged
It has a land structure. There are almost no narrow valley mouths at the seaside. Between high altitude peaks
Kaçkar (3932 m.), Which is the highest point, holds a snow-winter profit. The natural structure of Kaçkar Mountain has many winter sports, topography in trekking and mountaineering. Kaçkarlar for mountain skiing is a natural runway view.
The Rize provincial lands are born from the high sections of the North Anatolian coastal mountains and many of them are scattered to the Black Sea
It is divided by stream. The most important ones are Hazel Stream, Büyükdere, Pazar Stream, Karadere, İyidere and Fırtına Stream. These areas are decorated with waterfalls in various places, the best of the trout breeds are grown in these areas. The lakes in Rize are formed in the glacial lakes as a result of the erosion of the glaciers. These lakes are the natural springs of Çamlıhemşin and Ikizdere.
In Rize, winters and summers are mild. The annual temperature average is around + 14 °. The region is the highest rainfall in Turkey. 2510 kg of rainfall per m2 per year falls. According to these climate characteristics, the Mediterranean vegetable grows citrus fruits and tea. Most of the forests are beech, oak, chestnut, linden, spruce, alder and forest rose. The forests include wolves, bears, wild boar, forked mountain goats, birch chickens and birds. The region also provides a suitable environment for bird watching.

Tourism Values

Rize is a very special tourism area with steep slope valleys, peaks reachable mountains, glacier lakes, emerald green springs, historical arch bridges and bears, and enthusiastic streams. There is a number of hoby attractions such as canoe, deltaplan, mountain, skiing, trekking, nature, reliable and sincere atmosphere suitable for tourism activity.

A) Plateaus: Plentiful plots in Çamlıhemşin, Hemşin and İkizdere districts on the skirts of the Kaçkar mountain range provide a life beyond the clouds with their well-preserved original architectural houses. Ayder, Down-Yukan
Kavron and Anzer springs are the tourism center. These plots are frequented by foreign tourists in the summer months.

B) Mountain Sports: Kaçkar Mountains are the 4 biggest mountains of Turkey. It is the Alpine Mountains. The walks create a suitable environment for mountain climbing. Flora and fauna also have a very special structure.

C) Canoe: There are canoes at the Rize highlands, especially when the storms and the snow melt in Iidere.

D) Thermal Tourism: The only hot spring of the Eastern Black Sea is AYDER. It proves to be good for a lot of disease. Also Rize is a drink is rich. In particular, ANDON drink is good for stomach and kidney diseases. Hot water drilling work is continuing in Ikizdere Ilıca Village.

E) Bird and Butterfly Observation: The abundance of birds and butterflies. Especially İkizdere Çamlık region provides a very suitable environment for this activity.

F) Safari: This area has the most beautiful natural trails for safari.

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