Historical and Touristic Places of Mersin Province

Seyahat Rehberi


YUMUKTEPE: It is located in the northwest of the city. The excavated remains are found 33 times belonging to different civilizations in this mound. The first settlement at Yumuktepe began in the Neolithic period and continued uninterruptedly in the Chalcolithic, Bronze, Hittite, Byzantine and Islamic periods. Among the finds exhibited today in the Mersin museum are the weapons of the Hittite devine, multicolored ceramics, stone seals, copper sculptures, female sculptures, ornamental items and kiln remains. The mound is 25 m. It seems interesting that it is a small example of Bogazköy in Kalen, which is found in depth.

VIRANŞEHİR (Soli -Pompeipolis): 12 km from Mersin. In the distance and at sea. This old city of the name Hellenistic “Soli” was found in Persian, Macedonian, Seleucian and Romans dominions. After the great command of the Roman Empire, Pompeius ordered the Romans to take Rome, Soli received the name “Pompeiopolis” after the new arrangements. It has been ruined by the earthquake of 527 BC and today it is known as “Viranşehir”. The colonnaded road and the old harbor are worth seeing.

ERDEMLİ: 36 km from Mersin. 1 km from the west and the sea. It is a new sandy city.

KANLIDIVANE: Mersin-Silifke highway 45 km south of the road deviating right 3 km. Is ahead. It is located around a large, deep debris of the site containing the temple, church, cistern and city remains of the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine eras.

The main works are:

· Adam’s Embroideries (on the southern and opposite slopes of Çökğün)

· Tower (on the south-west side of Çökğün.

· Various church remnants of the basilica type (dating from the 5th and 8th century)

· City Event (east of Çökigün)

· Old graveyard (about 300 m west of main graveyard collapse)

AYAŞ (Elaiussa-Sebaste): 52 km from Mersin on the Silifke-Mersin highway. Kumkuyu Municipality, Ayaş (Merdivenlikuyu) is located in the distance. City BC 11.yy. It was founded in the end. Ayaş, the summer resort of Cappadocia’s king Arkelaus, exhibited Roman and Byzantine remains.

The bellicidal properties are:

· Waterbelt and water cistern (just above the road that leaves Ayas village)

· Theater (on the water belt)

· Temple (at the tip of Ayaş in the south)

· Church Buildings (Above the sand-clad island)

· Hammam (north-west of the temple)

Monuments and sandukalar.

KIZKALESİ (Korvkos / Corycus): 23 km from Erdemli. On the main road in the west and by the sea. BC From the 4th century onwards, this city, which was active, was surrounded by a wall. Roman, Byzantine, lusignan and Karamanoğulları periods.

The main remnants are:

· Korykos Castle (formerly on the tip of a nose on a side)

· Korikos city remains (on Yanmada)

· Kizkalesi (It is in the middle of the sea, about 800 m away from Kızkalesi-Korikos castle.)

· Various church remnants (Byzantine period)

· Large water cistern (at the beginning of the old peninsula)

· Old graveyard (on both sides of the valley and on the ancient road)

ADAM LEGS: It is 6 km from Kızkales to Hüseyinler village. Departed and 2 km. When you walk further west, you come to the point of “devil”. Human figures have been carved into the rocky slope of this deep valley. These Roman reliefs dating from the 1st century AD and number 13 are on display at the funeral parlor.

AKKALE: 49 km from Mersin-Silifke highway to Mersin. It is located in the late Roman period and is located in Kılıkya region, İ.S. When it was connected to the Roman Empire in 72 AD, Elaiussa gained importance and showed a great development during the early Christian period under Roman rule.

SILIFF: It is 87 km. West, about 10 km from the sea. Inside is a historical city built on the edge of the castle behind the Göksu (Kalykandos) delta plain. Silifke, who took his name from Selefkos Nikator, became the only city that survived nine ancient cities of the same name until his time. Known as “Seleuciad Calycandum” which means “Göksu Silifkesi”, Silifke is a region famous for its rich folklore values ​​as well as its historical remains.

POLMONIUS ROME BATH AND THREE HOURS MOZAIGI: Approximately 67 km from Mersin. It is located on the edge of Narlıkuyu bay in the distance. A part of the bath and the colored floor mosaic representing the “THREE HURRI” known as the “Gratiae” in mythology were preserved in a building. The work remains from the 4th century Roma era.

THE PARADISE OF THE PARADISE: The collapse of the ceiling due to the chemical erosion caused by an underground level is a huge pit from the last square. From the ancient times, “Cave of the Korikos” known as the first of these natural wonders in the bottom of the cave under the cave of the cave. The dragon is said to be Typhon’s hermit. In the mouth of the cave is a small church built by a pious man named Paulus. Inside of the fall of paradise, each is descended by a stone staircase of 452 steps. There are 300 steps in church. At the end of the cave after the church, a mythological underground level is heard. The hell hole in the 75th north of the fall of paradise formed like a paradise collapse.

ASTIM-DİLEK CAVE: 300 m of heaven’s collapse. It is southwest. The helozonic iron goes down with a ladder. The interconnected, total lengths of 200m are decorated with very interesting shaped giant stalactites and stalagmites. It is known that the cave is illuminated and is good for asthmatic patients.

TAŞKÖPRÜ: It is on the Göksu River passing through the center of the city center. At the end of the 1st L.Y., there was a door with two wings, which was opened by the day before, and closed at night at the right entrance of this bridge made by L.Octavius ​​Memer, the governor of Cilicia.

SILIFF KALES: It is built on a hill that dominates the Silifke. There are arched galleries, water cisterns, warehouses and other building remains in the oval shaped castle surrounded by a dry ditch. The castle in this place, which assumed the role of the first settlement center in the ancient times, is a crusader work that was used against the Turks as it is today.23 There are mosque remains which are said to have been built during the time of Yıldırım Beyazıt in the castle where 10 of them are standing.

SILICHKE MUSEUM: The two-storied exhibition building of the Silifke Museum located on the Taşucu road and the golden gümüş.bronz coins and articles found in the area belonging to the Hittite.Pers.Helenistik.Bizans.Karamanoğulları and Ottoman periods are displayed in the museum busts and statues.

AYA TEKLA (Meryemlik-Hagia Thekla): Silifke den 5 km. Aya Tekla is one of the oldest and most important centers of Christianity in the distance and on Tasucu road. The history of the Virgin Mary begins with the arrival of Azize Thekla here. It was founded about AD 50. The 17-year-old Thekla, influenced by listening to the sermons of St. Paul, one of the apostles of the Prophet, devotes herself to Christianity. St. As a student of Paul, Azize Thekla escapes to Silifke as he works to spread Christianity in the region (Konya, Yalvaç.Capadokya) while trying to spread the pagans (Romans) and be killed. By the way, the theatrical rains which are to be burned by fire are slaughtered. It is kept in this cave underground and continues to spread its religion. In addition to this, the disease also heals. It is believed that you are lost in this cave at a time when you will be killed again.

The cave that Aya Thekla lived in was counted among the holy places after his disappearance. In 12 BC, religion was used as a place of worship until the release of religion. This cave section was later converted into a church (underground church) in the 4th century BC. It is the Church of the Holy Crusade which is located on one of the apse. 3 Nephilim Thekla Basilica. Büyük Sarnıç.Necropolis Area and Holy Road are places to be seen.

Story About Ava Thekla: The story of Aya Thekla, one of the most important pilgrimage centers of Anatolia in the Christian world, is very interesting. His neighbor, Thekla, who listened to St. Paul, one of the most important apostles of Jesus who preached in the home of the Ohepsiphoros of Konya, was greatly impressed by him. St.Paul, who was reported to the Roman Governor of Seleukeia (Silifke) for beating Christianity, was beaten with wand. Theckla’s father wanted her daughter to be burned. Theckla suddenly started raining when the flames were laid, and Theckla survived the burn. He followed St. Paul to Antiochia, where he was thrown into wild animals, but again, a miracle escaped. The cattle returning to Leuchikea was caught in a cave where he died after Christianity was stolen. This was the pilgrimage center after turning to the first christian basilica of the cave where Azize Thekla, the first female religious of Christianity, lived. Then another basilica deviated from the cave in memory of Thekla.

Religious remnants: Sacred cave church, Monumental and underground church, Domed Kilis bath, Sun cisterns, various buildings and fortification walls.

UZUNCABURÇ (OLBA-Diocaesarea): It is 30 km from Silifke. It is in the north. Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine architectural monuments.

The bellicidal properties are:

The Tower-Mausoleum, which was built in the style of Hellenistic architecture and Doric architecture, is estimated to belong to the Christians or the kingdom of Olba.

It is a remnant of the Romans.
Theater
Triumphal arch
Old fountain (Nymphaion)
Temple of Zeus Jupiter

URA: Uzuncaburç falls 4 km east of the village. Roman and Byzantine period.

The busty remains:

The Old Fountain (Nymphaion) is located on the western edge of Acropolis.
Theater: Right next to the old fountain
Aqueduct: on the valley in the north-east of the acropolis.
The monument and the remains of the church.
North and south cemeteries.
Embossments

GÜLNAR: It is 150 km to Mersin. It is located on a pile platoon. Gülnar, .Etiler, Finikeliler, Romans, Seljuk and Ottoman periods were experienced.

Mevdancikkale (Kirshu): 7 km south of Gülnar. It is on a hill between the mountains covered with pine forests. It is known that this castle is a king town in the 7th and 8th centuries BC.

ANAMUR: It is at the west of İçel and 225 km from Mersin. Is a distance in the distance.

It gives archaeological remains and history:

ANAMUR KALESİ: Mamure: Silifke-Anamur highway. 6 km from Anamur. There are protection trenches surrounded by three beside the mazgallis in order to prevent attacks from the sea in the south-east of the castle and from the land. There are Turkish-Islamic architectural works such as mosque, fountain and hamam in the kalenin which was used by Romans and Karamanoğulları and Ottomans.

OLD ANAMUR (ANEMURIUM): 6 km from Anamur. The ancient city east of the Anamur nose in the south west. It was founded by the Romans and was rebuilt during the Byzantine era. There are basilica, hammam, theater, Odeon architectural remains, multi-storey tombs and floor mosaics with baths and home remnants famous.

MUT: It is a district center which is 165 km away from Mut.Mersin.

Main attractions and historical sites:

ALAHAN MANASTIRI: 20 km from Mut district. It is 2.5 km. Above. Accessed by turning to the right from the Oman Warehouse. It is a ruin site around the village of Geçici (Malya). Those who accept this new religion during Christianity’s spread in Cappadocia and Lycia (Konya) are followed by fear of being killed by unbelievers. Those who believe in the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) are forcing worship in mountainous regions, in caves, in rocky hollows. St. Paul, one of the apostles of Jesus, and Barnabas, one of the Christian pioneers who lived in Tarsus, traveled around Konya and Cappadocia to spread Christianity in 414 AD. It is said that the Alahan Monastery was made to commemorate the visit of Barnabas.

Alahan Monastery Complex, West Church, Monastery, estimated to have been built in the years of M.S.440-442. The East Church is made up of rock-cut carved monk chambers and the surrounding graveyards. The churches have common features with the Hagia Sophia Museum. In their decorations, a master stone carving is striking. The first Church is divided into two series of columns entitled Corinth, three nymphs. St.Paul on the weft and side sheds of the door of the narteksten main building. The six-folded Gabriel, carrying a steal other than the St. Pierre figures, crushed the symbolic creatures of Mikail. The symbols of the lion, the eagle and the ox, the descriptions of the biblical authors, the grape clusters, the reliefs showing the leaves and fish motifs.

To the south of the large courtyard east of the churches was the ceremony where religious ceremonies were held, 11 m. It is a gallery with arches and columns in its length. In the middle of the Galen, there are crowded ornaments and a niche with all sides. There is a gallery with apse in the gallery and graves which are the most splendid structure of the Alahan Monastery opposite. The northern wall of these graves is carved into the rock. The center of the main nephi shows an interesting appearance. It is a square tower with four arches sitting on pillars and pillars. As the tower goes up, it turns into an eight-year-old. The door frame is decorated.

In the book of one of the graves of the Alahan Monastery, “Here is very fruitful, Flavius ​​Severinus and
After the consul of Flavius ​​Cadalaippus, on the 13th of the 15th year of the Indictio, he lies in the memorial founder T … who died on Tuesday of the first week of sacred fasting. ”

· Basilica (remains on the site west)

· Baptistery (Remains in the middle)

· Church (standing building in the east)

MUT KALESİ: This work is a work from the Karamanoğulları.

LAL PAŞA MOSQUE: It was built by Lal Pasha, one of the orders of Karamanoglu Ibrahim Bey, in the center of Mut.

KERVANSARAY: Centered

AYDINCIK: 170 km to Mersin on the Mersin-Antalya highway. It is a district that is.

Historical Remains: Harbor bath dating from the Romans Period “Four Foot” monumental tomb. Aqueducts that bring water to the city on Aydıncık-Gülnar road. Duruhan and Bodur are the ones.

BOZYAZI: On the Mersin-Antalya highway. 220 km to Mersin. Away.

Historical and Touristic Places:

· Church Burn: Bozvazı’va 14 km. It is in the borders of the village of Akkaya. There are a cistern and other structures belonging to the remains in the ruins.

· Arsiene (Maras Hill): 2 km from the town. It is located in Çubukkoyağı village in the east of the city.

· It is 10 km from Softa Kales. It is located on a hill on the east side of the city.Calede hamam.Cami. There are many food warehouses and churches.

TARSUS: It is 27 km east of Icel. It is the largest district of the province. According to Islamic belief, Tarsus Ademoğlu was founded by the Shit Prophet. On the other side, Tarfion (Tarkon), the oldest god of Kilkia, Tarsus, is said to have changed its name over time. Tarsus was founded on the crossroads of land and railways in Çukurova, developed on agriculture, commerce and textile industry. Tarsus Park and Waterfall are the most important resting places. Throughout the history dating back to the Hittites, Assyrians, Persians, Seleucids, Romans, Byzantines and Turks ruled in the region.

Jesus’ Apostle of the Saints Paul lived and born in Tarsus and spread Christianity.
Information about St. Paul’s: In the Christian religion it is one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus. Paulus, who came from a Jewish family, was born in Tarsus in the year of Saul M.S.3 with his Jewish name. He was both a Tarsus and a Roman citizen. He was sent to Jerusalem to study religion related to Judaism during his education. When persecuting Christians, it was about M.S. In 36, he encountered a miraculous Jesus in a way he never dreamed of going to Damascus. After this encounter, he explained that Jesus would be on his way. He learned the basic elements of Christian faith. When he returned to Tarsus, Christianity continued his studies and founded a Christian community. In Antakya, he replaced Barnabas, one of his Christian predecessors, with Paulus, the Roman name Saul, who worked on Christianity. Four trips to spread the gospel. Syria, Cilicia, Anatolia, Ephesus, Kayseri, Plovdiv, Thessalonica and Piraeus. Emperor Neron was killed in Rome at the time.

ARTISTS IN AZUS PAULUS IN TARSUS:

St.PAUL ANIT MUSEUM: It is said that the Monument Museum (Church) in Çarşıbaşı district of Tarsus district was built as St. Paul Cathedral in 1102. Some sources refer to the Haghia Sophia Church of the early Middle Ages and the Pope’s envoy, the Bishop of Mainz Konrad Von Wittelsbach, is here on January 6, 1198. Ruppenes are told that L. Leon is known and crowned as the Armenian King. .Lucas says that a Greek and Armenian church was built by Paulus himself.V.Langlois, who came to Tarsus in 1851, also visited this church.It is Roman style and has high walls, large interior, narrow exterior side, Deep claws and thick columns are remarkable.

In the garden of Kilisen. It is entered from a door which is located in the west direction and the gate is quite decorated. The building covers an area of ​​about 460 m2 in this garden. There are blind belts on the exterior long facades of the building built with cut stone. The width of the hall is 1930 m. The length is 17.50 m. Dir. In the section that coincides with the center of the ceiling, Hz. There are Yohannes and Martaios in the east, and frescos of Marcos and Lucas in the west, including Jesus. On the north-west corner of the structure is a bell tower. The building and its surroundings have undergone a major restoration in the course of the year and the environment has been regulated.

St. PAUL KUYUSU: It is located in Tarsus district center, Kızılmurat Mahallesi, approximately 300 m. North of Tarsus, in the region where the old Tarsus houses are concentrated, and an avudary which has been regarded as the place of the house of St.Paulus. In a small excavation work in this house garden until recently, some walls were uncovered.

The diameter of the well is 1,15 m. Depth is 38 m. The water of the well is never diminished in summer and winter. To be a pilgrim for Jerusalem, this well, which is regarded as sacred by Christians passing by the government, is drunk from the water. In addition to these excavations, The stone walls of the house are estimated to be the home where Paulus was born. Paul Well “right next to the day light.

ESHAB-I KEHF CAVE: north-west of Tarsus. 14 km. The cave, which is mentioned in the Kehf in Kür-ı Kerim, is considered sacred to Muslims and Christians.

Tarsus. It was an important event in the Romans period. The cave, which is mentioned in the Kehf in the Koran, is considered sacred by Muslims and Christians. Tarsus. It was an important event in the Roman period. In the Qur’an, they are known as Eshab-i Kehf, that is, they are exposed to the persecution of Dakyanus from the rulers of the Greeks in the period they lived and escaped from the city of Tarsus to be able to fulfill their beliefs in Allah. They were sleeping 309 years in the cave of Benculus, It is the story of 7 friends and their dogs.

Although the exact history of the Holy Qur’an is not known, however, according to the information obtained from the narrations and historical events, it was considered to have been in the year 250 AD and was pressuring the worship of idols with the persecution of the Dakyanus people from the Greek governors of the city of Tarsus at that time. The ruling monarch, who had given up on a group of gangs, was in danger of having their heads cut off if they did not worship the idols. Yemliha, Seven young men named Mekselina, Mislina, Memuş, Sazenuş, Tebernuş, Kefeştetayush and their dogs, Kıtmır, flee to this cave on the mountain of Benculus from the fear of killing the ruler. However, as mentioned in the verses, young people are sleeping in this cave for 309 years. Later, one of the young people who woke up went to get food for the city, but because of the money at the time, he escaped from the city and took shelter again. Those who came to catch after they did not see anyone in the cave. The cave and its surroundings have been arranged and the mosque has been openly built and a crowd of visitors has flocked to it.

MAKAMI ŞERİF CAMİİ AND DENIAL PROFESSION OF TURKEY: Makam-ı Şerif Mosque city

It was built in 1857 at the center. A new section has been added. From this new section, three doors open to the old section and three steps lead to the main makam. The mihrab of the glass covered with a flat dome is flat and steady. To the east is the Daniyal Prophet’s Kabri. Daniyal Prophet 2nd King of the Nest
He lived in the time of Nebuchadnezzar (605-562 BC). By the knowledge and prophecy of the Babylonian captivity of the Jews
Save it. The abundance of the Prophet Daniyal, who was invited to Tarsus in a famine, came to Tarsus. For this reason, the counselor was not sent back to Babylon, and was buried in Tarsus at the place where the current office mosque was located. Hc.17. Hz. During the Ömer era, Tarsus was conquered and a long corpse was found. For the body not to be stolen by the Jews. On the order of Umar, a small tea from the Berdan River was buried deeply in front of the previous one, so that the water would flow through the rug, and no one would have been given an emmanieth as if it were going to be handcuffed. As a matter of fact, during the last repair of the mosque, deep and deep mazgal anchors emerged very deeply at the entrance of the water at the back and bottom of the mosque. The corpse of the Prophet of Dan is located far below the water that passes through these cliffs.

ULU CAMİİ: It was built in 1579 by İbrahim Bey, the son of Piri Pashan from Ramazanoğulları. The mosque which was the only honorable minaret in Selçuk-Ottoman style was built on St.Pierre Church ruins. Totally cut stone was used in the building. On the 47×13 Mt. Square, the rectangular mosque is entered through the north-facing abridged portal. This portal is decorated with black and white marbles bearing Mamluk architectural features. The last congregation site is the east-west direction with 16 domed porticoes and 5-lined courtyards covered with original tiles carried by 14 baklava-sliced ​​columns. The inside of the mosque is divided into three sections in the east-west direction. The mihrab was made in a classical style. The interior columns of the house are connected with semi-pointed arches called “Iranian Arches”. In the eastern part of the mosque, Şey Aleyhisselam, Lokman Doctors and Khalif Memun are buried. To the north of the mosque is the Clock Tower with octagonal pedestal with cut stone built by Tarsus District Governor Ziya Bey in 1895.

Other Archaeological Landscape and Historical Places:

CLEOPATRA KAPISI: In the past, only the sea gate was standing at the three gates of the city, which was surrounded by the city walls. When it comes to meeting with Antenius, it is said that Cleopatra passed through this gate and entered the city.

OZLUKLULE VÖYÜĞÜ: Neolithic (İ.Ö.5000) is one of the earliest civilization places established on the hill. The excavations made here have found various works from the Neolithic period to the Islamic period.

ROMAN HAMAML: These historic remains, also called “Passing Under”, are next to the Old Mosque.

JUSTINIANUS KÖPRÜSÜ: Berdan (Cydnus / Kydnos) is on the river. It was built by the Byzantine Emperor L.Justinianus in the 6th century.

ÇAMLIYAYLA: It is 63 km to Tarsus. 110 km to Adana and 87 km to Mersin. It’s on the Taurus. The altitude of the sea is 1150 m. It is decorated with pine and spruce trees and the cold winters are cool in winter. Çamlıyayla has two streams named Hapkapan and Kaleardi. Çamlıyayla is a calm and tranquil place where the people of the city who live in the ovale especially during hot summer days are rested. The first settlement of the county was the castle of Namrun rising on a hill dominated by the locality. The castle, known as the Illyric in the Hittite and Assyrian times, is the Crusader. The Cilicia Armenian Kingdom of the Anatolian Seljuks and then the Karamanoğulları Principality and the Ottoman state. The settlement remained under Egyptian rule for a while during the Ottoman Egypt wars, which began after 1854, after the second half of the 19th century, the town center. It was in the district in 1991.

The height of the sea is 1430 m. Çamlıvayla is one of the oldest and oldest springs of İçel Province. After 2000 m, there are 10 crater lakes which are worth seeing in the places where the forests are over, and especially suitable places for campers for mountaineers on the side of Tile Lake. It is located between Çamlıwavla district and Toros mountains, 10 km away. Masat is 20 km away. Çatak is 30 km away. Sadiye and Saybaşı sites are snowy between December and June, and skiing can be done there. Yörükler uses it as a plateau in summer.

Namrun Castle: The castle built in the 11th century at the highest peak of Çamlıyaylan is well preserved.

Papazin Bahçesi (Garden promenade): 15 km from Çamlıyayla. In a valley in the distance. This promenade, which is called as Papazin Bahçesi, has ice-cold springs boiling under centennial cedar and willow trees. It has an extraordinary natural beauty with its air-conditioned and trout production facilities.

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