In the Mediterranean Region, Demre is the county of Antalya, between Finike and Kaş, Finike 25 km, Kaş 48 km. Away. The district center was built on the Demre Ovası, which consists of the alluviums carried by the Demre river. Demre is not too high a city by its location. There is no stream in the county. There is only one Demre Dere in the district. In the summer, it becomes dry. In the winter, it rains and it continues in the canyon from Köşkerler Village. There are pine, cedar and oak forests within the borders of the village of Balçelen (Muskar).
It is believed that Myra (Demre), one of the important cities of Lycia, was founded in BC century. The coins unearthed in the area are dated to the 3rd century BC. During the Roman period, the city which is developing and enriched has been decorated with new constructions and contributed to the rich living here. The Demre creek (Myros), which passed through the city, improved the maritime trade but caused the pirates to easily raid. For this reason, the Myrians tried to stop these raids in the Andriake harbor by stretching a chain to the mouth of the river.
B.C. Brutus, who killed Caesar at 42, came to Lykia to gather the soldiers, and after taking Xanthos, he sent Lentulus commander to Myra (Demre) to collect the money. The Myrans opposed it, and if they tried to defend themselves, the commander broke the chains stretched across the river and entered the city. M.S. At 18, Germanicus and his wife Agrippina, who were the children of Tiberius, visited here and showed their respect to them by planting their sculptures in Andriake, the port of Myral. M.S. At 60, Paul changes ships in Myra as he travels to Rome. The old sources record that ship services between Myra (Demre) and Limyra were made.
Myra M.S., metropolitan of the Lykia League. II. Century has shown a great improvement, where a lot of Lycian rich people with the help of structures were made. For example, Licinous Langus, an Oinoan, gave 10,000 dinars and built a theater and portico. We also understand from the books that Rhodiapolis and Kyeanaili Iason are very helpful for Myra’s discovery. St. Nicholas Myth (Demre), archbishop II. It is known that Myra (Demre) was the headquarters of the Lycia Region in the time of Theodosion (408 – 450). City, VII. Starting from the century IX. In the year 809, one of the commanders of Aaron El Rasit captured Myra (Demre). In 1034, the St. Nicholas Church was destroyed in the sea attacks made by the Arabs. The irritation caused by the Arabian invasions, the frequent flooding of the Myros River, the flooding of some structures with the soil due to this overflow, and the earthquakes that took place in the meantime caused the city to be abandoned.
Myra’s water needs Demre’s presence was met with channels opening to the rock face at the edge of the valley. It is possible to see these channels today. On my way to Myra (Demre), on the way to Karabucak, the Roman monumental tomb, well preserved as well as the daytime, attracts attention. Andriake, the port of Myra (Demre) at the mouth of the tea, is the ancient city of Trebenda in Gurses, a few km from the famous Sura ancient city Sura, as it is the center of prophecy. Myra’s magnificent theater was able to arrive very intensely as day-to-day.
In Myra (Demre), famous for its rock tombs, the tombs were gathered in two places, immediately on the theater and in a place called the river necropolis on the eastern side.
Myra has a special importance in terms of Christianity. St. Nicholas, who was the bishopric center during the Byzantine period, served as Bishop in the beginning of the 4th century BC; The public has made love for himself, and has suffered so much for the sake of faith. St. Nicholas went to Rome from the port of Andreake. Myra has since become a cross-road-based place. Myra, which attracts the attention of the Christian world, has become a tradition of making Santa Claus activities every year on December 6th.
Most of the remains of the Christian period in Myra did not come to the day. Only the St. Nicholas Church, the theater of Lycia’s best preserved 9-10 thousand spectators, is still used today. In addition, there are rock tombs, relief writings and various sarcophagus graves and a grain store on the rocks behind Myra (Demre).
Demre, who first attained the status of a village with the name Eynihal in 1904, On June 6, 1968, the municipality merged with the four villages, and in 1987 it became the district with the name of Kale.
Xanthos – Kinik
Xanthos Ancient City (Kinik), 45 km to Kaş. In the distance, in the town of Kinik. It is considered to be the largest religious and administrative center of the Lykia region, which was founded on the eastern shore of Eşen Stream.
Turkey: Mediterranean: Antalya: Kas
Type: Historical Work: Ancient City
Myra – Demre
Today the Demre is located in and around the town center and is famous for the ancient city of Myra Myra, especially the Lycian rock tombs, the Roman period theater and the Byzantine St. Nicholas Church.
Turkey: Mediterranean: Antalya: Demre
Type: Historical Work: Ancient City
Andriake – Çayağzı