History and Tourist Centers of Adiyaman Province

Seyahat Rehberi

Adıyaman was the province in 1 December 1954. Adiyaman is one of the oldest known settlements in history. The reviews made in the Adıyaman Palanlı Cave show that the history of the city dates from M.Ö. It is understood that it extends to 40.000 years. This is the most important indicator of how important Adıyaman has in history.

Samsat district is also located in the historical finds from the M.Ö. 7. Up to the year of Paleolithic, M.O. Neolithic until 5,000 BC 3. Up to 3000 years Chalcolithic and M.O. Between the years of 3.000 and 1200, it is understood that the Bronze Age periods were alive. During this period, the region changed hands with the Hittites and Mitannilar and began a dark period with the demolition of the Hittite State (1,200 BC). B.C. 1.200 BC, the foundation of the Phrygian State. There was no written source about the 750 year period. But; As the region began to be influenced by Assyrianism in this period, the Assyrian effective seals in Samsat and the inscriptions written in the Hittite Hieroglyphics in Kahta Eskitas Village show that the historical silsil in Anatolia is still continuing in our city. In this period, the Kummuh State, one of the late Hittite city states, emerged with the collapse of the Hittite State in Adıyaman and its environs.

M.Ü. With the influence of the region Assyrian between the years 9O00 and 70O, the Assyrians can not be sovereign. From the beginning of the 6th century the locality Persians dominate and the area is governed by the Satraps (Valeri). B.C. In 334, when the Macedonian King Alexander the Great entered Anatolia, the Persians lost control and M.Ü. Up to the 1st century Macedonian Selev-kos Dynasty ruled. In the light of this weakness, King Mithradetes l declared the independence of the Kallinikos Commagene Kingdom (M.O. 69). The Kingdom of Commagene, which is the capital city Samosota and the present name Samsat, The region was handed over to the Roman empire, and Adiyaman was admitted to Syria (Syria) of the Roman Empire as the 6th Legion. With the separation of the Roman Empire in 395 as West and East Rome, Adıyaman joined the Eastern Roman Empire. From 643 onwards, Islamic domination of the region began only with the Umayyads in 670. In 758, II was commanded by Mansur Ibni Cavene from Abbasi commanders. In the H which remained under Abbasi until 926, Hamdanüerin domination started in this date. In 958 the region was once again in the hands of the Byzantines.

Between the years of 1114-1181 the locals became Turkish raids. Between 1204-1298, Samsat and its region captured Anatolian Seljuks and settled. Mongol attacks are experienced in 1230 and 1250. In 1298, the region and the region are in the hands of the Mamluks. In 1393 Adıyaman was looted by the Timurlens. Throughout the Middle Ages, when there was a great instability, Adiyaman changed hands between Byzantium, Umayyad, Abbasi, Anatolian Seljuks and Dulkadirogiliz and eventually joined the Ottoman lands in 1516 during the expedition of Sultan Yavuz Selim. Adıyaman, who joined the Ottoman lands, was bound to Malatya as an accident after the Tanzimat, while initially connected to Sancak in the central Samsat with Maras Beylerbeyliğine.

Adıyaman, which had been in the accident due to Malatya after the foundation of the Republic from 1954 to the year of 1954, was separated from Malatya by Law no. 6418 on December 1, 1954 and became an independent province. Adıyaman is a culture and tourism city which is located in the western part of the Southeastern Anatolian Region and has a variety of cultural centers, dating back to the first people. Findings of all stages of human history have been obtained on Adıyaman lands, one of the oldest settlements in the world. Adiyaman is a city that stands out with the world’s first folk dances, the works of Nemrut Dag which is called as the 8th wonder of the world, the remnants of the Commagene civilization, the 4th largest dam of the world, Atatürk Dam, Çamgazi dam, winter camp organization.

DISTRICTS: Adıyaman (center), Besni, Çelikhan, Gerger, Gölbaşı, Kâhta, Samsat, Sincik, Tut.

Besni: Located in the western part of Adiyaman, Besni is one of the oldest settlements. Important historical monuments are 15 km to the town of Besni. The Tumulus of Sofraz at the distance, and Sesönk (Dikilitaş) at a distance of 33 km. 6 km from the Besni District. Located in the north-east of the Besni Drinks water is beneficial to kidney stones, chronic constipation, intestinal and stomach inflammation.

Celikhan: Drinking water in the village of Korucak, which is located in the northern part of Adıyaman, is a vast variety of diseases and many people come as a healing water every year.

Gerger: Gerger county, located 100 km north east of Adıyaman, II. It is associated with the Gerger Fortress, which was founded by the Arsames, the patriarch of the Kommagenellers in the 19th century.

Kahta: Province 34 km. The eastern and southeastern borders to the east extend along the Euphrates River. Kahta, the largest city of the province, Nemrut Mountain Tumulus

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