Historical and Touristic Places of Mardin Province

Seyahat Rehberi

Did you know these..
– Mardin is the second city after the Venetian building structure is intact;

– It is 1600 years old temple,

– Mardin people in the old times around the barbecue fired with the so-called Kürsü,

– In the past, ashes, clay and earth were used for the cleaning of kitchenware,

– They are not fighting their independence,

– The first university education took place at the Kasım Padishah Medres,

– The fact that the Mardin Museum was used as the Patriarchate in the early days, the election building, the cooperative building, the health center, the bazaar,

– The fact that silver workmanship is the center of Turkey and that this workmanship is called Telkari,

– that the food culture has taken the breath away from the French cuisine,

– Sassanian commanders Mardius, self-building,

– Mardin is like a necklace at night,
In order to see how the stone has shaped the place of human life, the stone of human effort, religions must go to Mardin, where the sects are blended. Climate is hard continental climate. The summers are quite arid and hot, the winters are cold and snowy. For this reason, your preference is to experience the beauty of Mardin during the summer season.

Mardin, architecture, social life, cultural texture and the city itself is truly a city that fascinates everyone. Mardin is not only the center of the city, but also an ideal place for a cultural excursion with its surroundings.

Mardin is a museum city in a real sense. The city, which is built on a castle, consists of two parts, old and new. At the end of the 1960s, Mardin was banned from constructing new buildings into the city by declaring all of the city as a sanctuary.

In Mardin you can walk from start to finish at a time that can last 15-20 minutes. There is only one street where vehicles operate one way. Mardin you will feel yourself in the 16th century will not be told …

First of all, there must be a vast area inside the city center of Mardin that includes important points, houses, medreses, churches, later Deyrulzafaran Monastery, Dara, Midyat and Hasankeyf. Deyrulzafaran, which is the center of World Assyrianism, Dara with water cisterns, and Hasankeyf, which is one of the few living archaeological cities in the world, also make Mardin appear as a city that is not filled with excursions.


General view of the district and Koçhisar (Great Mosque)

In Mesopotamia, the smile of Kiziltepe with the dominant color of the yellow stones, the rich excitement of the tones of the sun reflecting the wheat ears …

The oldest name of the town is Dunaysir. He was later named Koçhisar. The town that developed during the Artukoğulları Period was an important commercial center on the Diyarbakır-Mosul and Urfa-Mosul roads. In 1931, it became the district center with Kızıltepe.

According to the 2000 Population Census, the precise population of the county is 121,302. The population of town municipalities and villages is 75,819. 62% of the current population lives in rural areas and the remaining 38% live in the city center.

In the district, there are five municipalities in Dikmen, Gökçe, Şenyurt and Yüceli towns, one of which is the central district.

94% of the land is suitable for agriculture and agriculture and commerce is the main subsistence source of Kızıltepe district. Especially in recent years, cotton farming has shown a significant leap. It is known that the expected development of the industry based on agriculture will be achieved by reaching the province of GAP. The trade sector is growing from day to day with the reason that the district is on the E-24 Highway route. The agriculture-based industrial enterprises and other factories located in the province are located between the central district and Kızıltepe. With the passage of the airport in the district road route, economic life has gained momentum. Kiziltepe is the largest city with development potential among all the districts including the central district. With the characteristic of attracting internal migrations, today the central district population has doubled.


General view of the district

Zeynel Abidin Mosque

From Mor Yakup Monastery (Interior Detail)

Nusaybin is the name of the artist who transforms the stones of the Three Dimensions of Mor Yakup into artistic wonders with superhuman zeal … Nirsaybin, the beauty of history, Nusaybin, the green clay of the ovary, Zeynel Abidine, the blind eye.

According to the 2000 Population Census, the population of the province is 81,899. The population of the municipal municipalities and villages is 36,718. 69% of the current population lives in the city center and the remaining 31% live in rural areas.

In the district, there are four municipal administrations in the towns of Akarsu, Duruca and Girmeli, one of which is the central district.

Cotton and grain cultivation is important in Nusay where the age of ages gave life. Our town is a beautiful promenade.

Another remarkable feature of Nusaybin is its underground richness. The development in oil-producing regions is noteworthy. As it is a border province with Syria, it has a potential for a rich border trade.

Geographical location of Midyat, Dargeçit district to the east, Ömerli district to the west, Savur district to the north, Gercüs district to the north, Batman district to the north, Nusaybin district to the south, and İdil district to the south-east to the Sirnak province. This name is used to mean the mountain of the worshipers. The surface area of ​​this region is more than 10,000 Km.

There are different opinions about the name and the first establishment of the province. According to some sources, the name of İlçen means AYNA, which has come to fruition from a mixture of Persian, Arabic and Syriac after many changes.

According to another custom, Midyat has received the name of MATATİNAKELİMESİ, which means Cavear city. Those who advocate this view, the name of MATİATE in the Assyrian inscriptions BC. They express what they passed in the 9th century. Parallel to this view, it is said that the Elath site (Midyata 3 Km away and the Visit-Recreation Site near the Acirli Municipality) shows that the first settlement in Midyat was caves.

In the 1973 Mardin Provincial Year, the following information about Ilçenin’s history is found: Eti Turks who migrated from Central Asia and came to Anatolia settled in the region with fertile lands between Dicle and Fırat Rivers, which we refer to as Mesopotamia. (BC 2000) During the passage of the region, the Midyas were established as a large cave city and their animals were housed here. The caves under Midyat were used as shelters in those times. These caves have links with each other. Later on, Komuk Turks, the leading nomads of the Central Asian Turks, settled in this region.

The Komuklar, who came and settled in the region, fought the Assyrians for centuries. It is seen that the Assyrians had seized the region several times during these periods. But these invasions do not last very long and they have to retreat every time. Indeed, at the time of the Asurian ruler, the Komuks ruled completely. B.C. Between 500 and 100 years, the region was under the invasion of various tribes. Macedonians, Persians, Romans ruled this region. The Midyat is the original residence or the founding of the region as the Seleucid delegation (BC 180 years).

M.S. Up to the Vth century Christianity dominated the region. VI. After the century, Arab raids started with the spread of Islam and VII. In the 20th century, Halit B. Walid’s armies conquered the region. During Abbasids period, zoning and development movements were seen in the region. Most of the Midyat villages were founded during the reign of Aaron El Resit. The army of Cizre-Mardin, a large army established as a mixture of Turkish-Arabs by the son of Aaron Reşitin, Memun, was placed on the face of the old path. That’s how they were born. The name MAHALMI given to the villagers of Midyat and its surroundings comes from here. Mahalmi; A hundred places, a hundred places, a hundred horses, and today the old path way up to Cizreden Mardin, especially those on the old Baghdad road (on this caravan road) speaks a language called Turkish, Syriac and predominantly Arabic mixture Mahalmice. These villagers are: Söğütlü, Şenköy, Acırlı, Çavuşlu, Sarıkaya, Gelinkaya, Düzgeçit, Ovabaşı, Visit, Estel Kesimi, Yolbaşı, Sarıköy, Düzova, Yayvantepe, Entertainment, Pelitli.

There are other opinions about the inhabitants of these villagers who spoke spontaneously. According to one opinion, these are the cengaver and warrior Benihilal tribes living in the Najaf Desert. It is also reported that a large part is of the Central Asian Turks. He built Memun, Estel Mosque and Derizbin (Acırlı) Mosque, which had been placed in the Midyat region between Cizre and Mardin and followed both the defense and futurism policies against Byzantium. Prof. According to H. Hollerweger, many large villages of Mhalmoyen, which fell to the east of Mardin and to the west of Midyat, passed Islamicism from Christianity before 1209

XI. In the 19th century, Artuk State expanded to include Aleppo in the west, Mosul and Bitlis in the east, Harput (Elazığ) in the north and Darzuru in the south. Midyat was also one of the brightest periods in this period as a district of Mardin, Hasankeyf and Mosul provinces. The village of Derizbin (Acirli) is the center of the region. Derizbin was reigning as a semi-detached state affiliated to the Artukids. After the marbles and Ayyubids, Midyat was seized by the Ottoman army under the command of Bıyıklı Mehmet Pasha in 1535. Midyatta, which was visited by Diyarbakir Governor Ali Pasha in 1838, is a redif table.

Midyat, which was a district in 1810, was reconstructed by Cevat Pasha in 1915. Military Barracks, Cevat Pasha Mosque and Ulu Mosque were built during this period.

According to the results of the 2000 Population Census, a total population of 56,669 districts, 71,416 villages, and a total population of 128,055 inhabitants were migrated to the district center from the villages and the surrounding districts.


The following information has been included in a survey. “It is not known exactly when it was founded by whom the Omerli district (formerly known as Maserti village) was built today.The similarities between the district center and the Beşikkaya (formerly Fafit) village are interesting due to the stone arches and the dome architecture according to the archeological studies carried out. The civilizations are the Sumerians and the Assyrians.The Assyrian State was established in the geography which is called as Upper Mesopotamia in the history and includes Ömerli.As the districts of Yaylatepe (Hıbatok), Göllü, İkipınar, Besikkaya (Fafit) and Maserti in the province are examined, , The Romans, the Byzantines, and the parallels and sculptures obtained from time to time under the domination of the Turkish-Islamic States.

In the district center there is the Assyrian Kadim Mor Circis Church belonging to the Syrians as a historical monument. This church, which is not known when it was founded, was restored and worship was opened. The oldest documents obtained for Ömerli District and its surroundings belong to Assyrians. B.C. Books dating from 1305 to 1274 are mentioned in the Kashinari Mountains. This place refers to the Turabin, ie Midyat, Ömerli, Mardin and Cizre regions. In the later Roman and Byzantine sources (the works of the Greek writers Arrianus and Ptolemaeus are referred to as the Mardin-Midyat Basin by the so-called Masion Mountain, the most important center of this basin is the Fafit (Beşikkaya Village) city, Nasturi, Kildani and Mahalmi were living in small quantities, and they admitted Muslims in the period of Patriarch Sotfo in 1609. It is understood from the foundation of several buildings that the sub-altar was built during excavations.

During these excavations, mosaic-based houses, white powder used in the jewelery industry, various monuments of Assyrian, Persian, Byzantine, Arab and Ottoman States, sculpture and sculpture, kilden test and various motifs, pictures, ornaments on the cubes, Products. Especially Sumerians and Assyrians attach importance to sculpture and king sculptures. It is understood from the history of Syriac Kadim that the Turkish expatriates after the battle of Malazgirt in 1071 moved to the west in this region.

In 1517 Yavuz Sultan Selim Khan’s Mercidabik and Ridaniye wars after the War of Mardin and the region of the Ottoman Empire has been a violation. By time they were Turkified.

The village of Omerli (Maserti village) became a county in 1953 when it was a parish bound to Savur in the first years of the Republic.

According to the results of General Population Survey conducted in October 2000, the total population of İlçenin Central Population is 7,353 and the population of the villagers is 8,609. When the District Population Directorate Registers are examined, it is understood that approximately one hundred thirty thousand persons have been registered since the date of regular population registration after the declaration of the Republic, with various administrative structures and changes in the administrative structure of Ömerli District. 49% of the population are male, 51% are females.

The district center (Ömerli) is located 28 km away from the city center (Mardin) and east of the city center. District, Midyat to the east, Yeşilli to the west, Nusaybin to the south, and Savur district to the north. The total area of ​​the province is 409 km2.

The terrain structure within the district borders is in the form of opposing strata following each other, and the altitude around the divided basins in the north-south direction is generally 110

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